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Original Research Open Access


Awareness, knowledge, and perception among pharmacists on the National Health Insurance Program in Indonesia

Angga Prawira Kautsar, Wulanda Novianti.

Abstract
Background: The Indonesian government is promoting health in the community by a program called Indonesia National Health Insurance (NHI) or Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional which is held by the government board. Pharmacists have a duty and position as health workers; they are the main perpetrators of the practice of pharmacy, but the chairman of the national social security council stated that the pharmacist is a health worker category but not the type of medical staff, so pharmacists do not participate directly in the program.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to measure perceptions, knowledge, and awareness of the pharmacist about the NHI Program and determine the influence of variables through model proposed.

Materials and Methods: A crosssectional questionnaire-based study was conducted on pharmacists who worked in various pharmacy scopes in Indonesia. The convenience sampling technique method was conducted by 202 respondents. Path analysis structural equation modeling is used in this study.

Results: The results of this study determined that a pharmacists’awareness and knowledge of the NHI Program were categorized as good while on the other hand, their perceptions were not good. From the path modeling, we observe that there is no significance between knowledge and perception (t < 1.69); however, both P-value showed a good result (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Good knowledge and perception increase awareness of pharmacist on the NHI. The NHI among Indonesian pharmacists is something that must be supported, even though they do not play an important role in the system.

Key words: National Health Insurance; Pharmacist; Awareness; Knowledge; Perception


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kautsar AP, Novianti W. Awareness, knowledge, and perception among pharmacists on the National Health Insurance Program in Indonesia. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(11): 1274-1278. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0724902082017



Web Style

Kautsar AP, Novianti W. Awareness, knowledge, and perception among pharmacists on the National Health Insurance Program in Indonesia. www.scopemed.org/?mno=272162 [Access: November 22, 2017]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0724902082017



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kautsar AP, Novianti W. Awareness, knowledge, and perception among pharmacists on the National Health Insurance Program in Indonesia. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(11): 1274-1278. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0724902082017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kautsar AP, Novianti W. Awareness, knowledge, and perception among pharmacists on the National Health Insurance Program in Indonesia. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited November 22, 2017]; 7(11): 1274-1278. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0724902082017



Harvard Style

Kautsar, A. P. & Novianti, W. (2017) Awareness, knowledge, and perception among pharmacists on the National Health Insurance Program in Indonesia. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (11), 1274-1278. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0724902082017



Turabian Style

Kautsar, Angga Prawira, and Wulanda Novianti. 2017. Awareness, knowledge, and perception among pharmacists on the National Health Insurance Program in Indonesia. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (11), 1274-1278. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0724902082017



Chicago Style

Kautsar, Angga Prawira, and Wulanda Novianti. "Awareness, knowledge, and perception among pharmacists on the National Health Insurance Program in Indonesia." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 1274-1278. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0724902082017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kautsar, Angga Prawira, and Wulanda Novianti. "Awareness, knowledge, and perception among pharmacists on the National Health Insurance Program in Indonesia." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.11 (2017), 1274-1278. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0724902082017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kautsar, A. P. & Novianti, W. (2017) Awareness, knowledge, and perception among pharmacists on the National Health Insurance Program in Indonesia. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (11), 1274-1278. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0724902082017



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