E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effect of ice water ingestion on cardiac autonomic reactivity in healthy subjects

Savitri Parvatgouda Siddanagoudra, Priya Arjunwadekar.

Abstract
Background: Studies have shown a significant relationship between the autonomic nervous system and cardiovascular mortality. In autonomic failure patients, water drinking has been shown to rise in blood pressure, bradycardia, and low heart rate variability (HRV). Previous studies have shown gaps in acute effects of ice water intake, in healthy subjects. This study aimed to record HRV in healthy subjects after ice water ingestion.

Aims and Objectives: To assess frequency domain parameters of HRV before and after ingestion of water at room temperature (control group) and cold water (study group) in healthy subjects.

Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study included total 80 healthy, both gender, subjects between the age group of 18-24 years were randomly assigned into two groups. Study group ingested ice water and control group ingested normal room temperature water. Before and after water ingestion, HRV parameters were recorded and compared. Statistically data were analyzed by student’s paired and unpaired t-test.

Results: High frequency power (HFP) (858.23 ± 242 vs. 964.72 ± 232.2, P < 0.001), total power (2280 ± 524. 64 vs. 2450.14 ± 449.4, P = 0.01), and very low frequency power (743.4 ± 170.12 vs. 813.2 ± 103, P = 0.01) were increased whereas low/high frequency power ratio (LHR) (1.374 ± 0.4 vs. 1.118 ± 0.41, P = 0.03), were significantly reduced after ice water ingestion in study group compared to controls.

Conclusion: Ice water ingestion increases vagal activity in healthy subjects as indicated by high HFP and reduced LHR.

Key words: Ice Water; Heart Rate Variability; Blood Pressure; Vagal Modulation


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Savitri Parvatgouda Siddanagoudra
Articles by Priya Arjunwadekar
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 695
Downloaded: 204
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Siddanagoudra SP, Arjunwadekar P. Effect of ice water ingestion on cardiac autonomic reactivity in healthy subjects. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(12): 1309-1312. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0621901072017


Web Style

Siddanagoudra SP, Arjunwadekar P. Effect of ice water ingestion on cardiac autonomic reactivity in healthy subjects. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=270314 [Access: June 20, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0621901072017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Siddanagoudra SP, Arjunwadekar P. Effect of ice water ingestion on cardiac autonomic reactivity in healthy subjects. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(12): 1309-1312. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0621901072017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Siddanagoudra SP, Arjunwadekar P. Effect of ice water ingestion on cardiac autonomic reactivity in healthy subjects. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited June 20, 2018]; 7(12): 1309-1312. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0621901072017



Harvard Style

Siddanagoudra, S. P. & Arjunwadekar, P. (2017) Effect of ice water ingestion on cardiac autonomic reactivity in healthy subjects. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (12), 1309-1312. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0621901072017



Turabian Style

Siddanagoudra, Savitri Parvatgouda, and Priya Arjunwadekar. 2017. Effect of ice water ingestion on cardiac autonomic reactivity in healthy subjects. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (12), 1309-1312. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0621901072017



Chicago Style

Siddanagoudra, Savitri Parvatgouda, and Priya Arjunwadekar. "Effect of ice water ingestion on cardiac autonomic reactivity in healthy subjects." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 1309-1312. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0621901072017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Siddanagoudra, Savitri Parvatgouda, and Priya Arjunwadekar. "Effect of ice water ingestion on cardiac autonomic reactivity in healthy subjects." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.12 (2017), 1309-1312. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0621901072017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Siddanagoudra, S. P. & Arjunwadekar, P. (2017) Effect of ice water ingestion on cardiac autonomic reactivity in healthy subjects. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (12), 1309-1312. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0621901072017





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Most Cited Articles
  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effects of sixteen weeks exercise training on left ventricular dimensions and function in young athletes
    Sandip M Hulke, Yuganti P Vaidya, Amandeepkour R Ratta
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 152-158
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.152-158
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players
    Kaninika Panda, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, HH Sudhakar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]