E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Age- and gender-related differences in drug utilization patterns among patients in neurology ward of a tertiary care hospital

Debdipta Bose, Sushma M, Jagadish B Agadi.

Abstract
Background: In most of Indian studies gender-specific prevalence rates for neurological disorders were found to be higher in men than women. Different studies revealed age-specific prevalence rates of various neurological disorders increases till fourth decade followed by decline to seventh decade.

Aims and Objectives: The present study was taken to evaluate age- and gender-based inequalities in the clinical diagnosis, comorbidities, and drug utilization patterns of patients admitted to the neurology ward.

Materials and Methods: The current study was a prospective cohort study. Case records of 200 patients over a period of January-December 2015 were reviewed. The demographic, clinical, and drug consumption data of the patients were evaluated based on age group (18-59 years vs. ≥60 years) and gender.

Results: A total of 200 patients were admitted to neurology wards during the study. Of 200 patients, 60% were males, and 18% were ≥60-year old. Consumption of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), dopamine agonists, and antidepressants were found to be greater among patients aged >60 years (P < 0.05). Consumption of antiplatelets was significantly more among males, whereas utilization of vitamin was significantly among female (P < 0.05). The incidence of polypharmacy was noted significantly higher among elderly (P < 0.05). The duration of hospital stay was higher for elderly patients than patients aged between 18 and 59 years (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Age-related differences were observed in utilization of AEDs, dopamine agonists, and antidepressants. Gender-related differences were observed in drug utilization of anti-platelets and vitamins. Age- and gender-related differences were observed in the occurrence of polypharmacy.

Key words: Age and Gender Differences; Drug Utilization Pattern; Neurology; Polypharmacy


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Debdipta Bose
Articles by Sushma M
Articles by Jagadish B Agadi
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1148
Downloaded: 267
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Debdipta Bose, Sushma M, Jagadish B Agadi. Age- and gender-related differences in drug utilization patterns among patients in neurology ward of a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(7): 754-761. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0308024032017


Web Style

Debdipta Bose, Sushma M, Jagadish B Agadi. Age- and gender-related differences in drug utilization patterns among patients in neurology ward of a tertiary care hospital. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=261694 [Access: November 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0308024032017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Debdipta Bose, Sushma M, Jagadish B Agadi. Age- and gender-related differences in drug utilization patterns among patients in neurology ward of a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(7): 754-761. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0308024032017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Debdipta Bose, Sushma M, Jagadish B Agadi. Age- and gender-related differences in drug utilization patterns among patients in neurology ward of a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited November 21, 2018]; 7(7): 754-761. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0308024032017



Harvard Style

Debdipta Bose, Sushma M, Jagadish B Agadi (2017) Age- and gender-related differences in drug utilization patterns among patients in neurology ward of a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (7), 754-761. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0308024032017



Turabian Style

Debdipta Bose, Sushma M, Jagadish B Agadi. 2017. Age- and gender-related differences in drug utilization patterns among patients in neurology ward of a tertiary care hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (7), 754-761. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0308024032017



Chicago Style

Debdipta Bose, Sushma M, Jagadish B Agadi. "Age- and gender-related differences in drug utilization patterns among patients in neurology ward of a tertiary care hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 754-761. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0308024032017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Debdipta Bose, Sushma M, Jagadish B Agadi. "Age- and gender-related differences in drug utilization patterns among patients in neurology ward of a tertiary care hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.7 (2017), 754-761. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0308024032017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Debdipta Bose, Sushma M, Jagadish B Agadi (2017) Age- and gender-related differences in drug utilization patterns among patients in neurology ward of a tertiary care hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (7), 754-761. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0308024032017





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Most Cited Articles
  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimers disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effects of sixteen weeks exercise training on left ventricular dimensions and function in young athletes
    Sandip M Hulke, Yuganti P Vaidya, Amandeepkour R Ratta
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 152-158
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.152-158
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]