E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Drug utilization study in ophthalmology outpatient department at a tertiary care teaching hospital

Bhagirath Jayantilal Bhad, Vipul D Prajapati, Karan M Suthar, Gurusharan H Dumra.

Abstract
Background: Drug utilization studies are one of the key tools to provide basis for making evidence-based health-care decisions. Ophthalmology is the field in which there have been many drug developments in recent years. There are different classes of drug products available for the treatment of ophthalmic diseases. Given the scenario, such assessment in the form of drug utilization study supports to upgrade the quality of prescription. Nevertheless, such studies are less frequently done in Gujarat and hence this study was undertaken.

Aim and Objective: This study aims to study drug utilization trends and patterns of prescription and in the ophthalmology outpatient department at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Ahmedabad.

Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional, observational study conducted over the duration of 2 months, collecting in total 203 prescriptions, in the ophthalmology department of a tertiary care teaching hospital, Ahmedabad. Relevant information about the prescriptions were recorded and analyzed using the WHO prescribing indicators and additional indices.

Results: Prescription scrutiny of 203 patients revealed that number of drugs per prescription was 2.61. Among the prescribed drugs, the most commonly prescribed were ocular lubricants (28.11%) followed by antimicrobials (15.84%) and anti-histamines (15.28%). Conspicuously, the most common prescribed dosage form were eye drops (68.3%), followed by tablets (26.79%), ointments (4.33%), and capsules (0.56%). Fluoroquinolones were the most commonly prescribed antimicrobials (74.4%) followed by aminoglycosides (13.6%) and cephalosporins (8.8%).

Conclusion: We concluded that ocular lubricants, antibiotics, and anti-histamines topped the prescribing pattern in this study with restrain on multidrug use.

Key words: Drug Utilization; Ophthalmology; Prescribing Pattern; WHO Indicators


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bhad BJ, Prajapati VD, Suthar KM, Dumra GH. Drug utilization study in ophthalmology outpatient department at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(2): 206-210. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12341202015122020


Web Style

Bhad BJ, Prajapati VD, Suthar KM, Dumra GH. Drug utilization study in ophthalmology outpatient department at a tertiary care teaching hospital. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=19898 [Access: March 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12341202015122020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bhad BJ, Prajapati VD, Suthar KM, Dumra GH. Drug utilization study in ophthalmology outpatient department at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(2): 206-210. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12341202015122020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bhad BJ, Prajapati VD, Suthar KM, Dumra GH. Drug utilization study in ophthalmology outpatient department at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited March 01, 2021]; 11(2): 206-210. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12341202015122020



Harvard Style

Bhad, B. J., Prajapati, . V. D., Suthar, . K. M. & Dumra, . G. H. (2021) Drug utilization study in ophthalmology outpatient department at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (2), 206-210. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12341202015122020



Turabian Style

Bhad, Bhagirath Jayantilal, Vipul D Prajapati, Karan M Suthar, and Gurusharan H Dumra. 2021. Drug utilization study in ophthalmology outpatient department at a tertiary care teaching hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (2), 206-210. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12341202015122020



Chicago Style

Bhad, Bhagirath Jayantilal, Vipul D Prajapati, Karan M Suthar, and Gurusharan H Dumra. "Drug utilization study in ophthalmology outpatient department at a tertiary care teaching hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 206-210. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12341202015122020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bhad, Bhagirath Jayantilal, Vipul D Prajapati, Karan M Suthar, and Gurusharan H Dumra. "Drug utilization study in ophthalmology outpatient department at a tertiary care teaching hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.2 (2021), 206-210. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12341202015122020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bhad, B. J., Prajapati, . V. D., Suthar, . K. M. & Dumra, . G. H. (2021) Drug utilization study in ophthalmology outpatient department at a tertiary care teaching hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (2), 206-210. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12341202015122020