E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Impact of educational intervention on health-care professional’s behaviors toward adverse drug reactions reporting – A study of tribal belt of central India

Sana Siddiqui, Neeraj Kumar Agrawal, Uma Gupta.

Abstract
Background: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are one of the most significant causes of mortality; hence, it must be reported. Very few studies were done, including educational intervention and even fewer in a tribal area of world, especially in India.

Aims and Objectives: We planned this study to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of pharmacovigilance (PVG) and ADR reporting of health-care professionals (HCPs) of tertiary care hospital of the central tribal belt in India before and after an educational intervention.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive KAP pre- and post-questionnaire based study was conducted on a total of 164 participants, including doctors and nurses working in Tertiary Care Hospital, Ratlam, India. A predesigned structured questionnaire with multiple-choice questions was used for pre-test and post-test along with the intermediate educational session. Furthermore, the practice of ADR reporting was assessed over a month’s time. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Fisher’s exact test was done to compare the difference in correctness for each question.

Results: In the pre-test, about 73.77% of the doctors and 11.65% of the nurses knew what is PVG, while the post-test response rocketed to 100% in doctors and 98.06 % in nurses (P < 0.001). The overall knowledge and attitude of doctors and nurses were low initially and it improved significantly (P < 0.001) after the educational intervention. Furthermore, ADRs reported increased from 0 to 10 (P < 0.001) during the follow-up practice of 1 month of the study.

Conclusions: Educational intervention is a reinforcement tool to improve the KAP of the ADR reporting of HCPs. Furthermore, more awareness and cooperation by the HCPs are required to deal with the prevalent under-reporting of the ADRs in tribal region of India.

Key words: Pharmacovigilance; Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting; Health-care Professionals; India; Tribal


 
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Pubmed Style

Siddiqui S, Agrawal NK, Gupta U. Impact of educational intervention on health-care professional’s behaviors toward adverse drug reactions reporting – A study of tribal belt of central India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(9): 760-767. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0514220202062020


Web Style

Siddiqui S, Agrawal NK, Gupta U. Impact of educational intervention on health-care professional’s behaviors toward adverse drug reactions reporting – A study of tribal belt of central India. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=111357 [Access: October 01, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0514220202062020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Siddiqui S, Agrawal NK, Gupta U. Impact of educational intervention on health-care professional’s behaviors toward adverse drug reactions reporting – A study of tribal belt of central India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(9): 760-767. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0514220202062020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Siddiqui S, Agrawal NK, Gupta U. Impact of educational intervention on health-care professional’s behaviors toward adverse drug reactions reporting – A study of tribal belt of central India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2020), [cited October 01, 2020]; 10(9): 760-767. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0514220202062020



Harvard Style

Siddiqui, S., Agrawal, . N. K. & Gupta, . U. (2020) Impact of educational intervention on health-care professional’s behaviors toward adverse drug reactions reporting – A study of tribal belt of central India. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 10 (9), 760-767. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0514220202062020



Turabian Style

Siddiqui, Sana, Neeraj Kumar Agrawal, and Uma Gupta. 2020. Impact of educational intervention on health-care professional’s behaviors toward adverse drug reactions reporting – A study of tribal belt of central India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (9), 760-767. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0514220202062020



Chicago Style

Siddiqui, Sana, Neeraj Kumar Agrawal, and Uma Gupta. "Impact of educational intervention on health-care professional’s behaviors toward adverse drug reactions reporting – A study of tribal belt of central India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10 (2020), 760-767. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0514220202062020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Siddiqui, Sana, Neeraj Kumar Agrawal, and Uma Gupta. "Impact of educational intervention on health-care professional’s behaviors toward adverse drug reactions reporting – A study of tribal belt of central India." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10.9 (2020), 760-767. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0514220202062020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Siddiqui, S., Agrawal, . N. K. & Gupta, . U. (2020) Impact of educational intervention on health-care professional’s behaviors toward adverse drug reactions reporting – A study of tribal belt of central India. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (9), 760-767. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0514220202062020