E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effect of background color perception on attention span and short-term memory in normal students

Anand Jadhao, Angesh Bagade, Govind Taware, Megha Bhonde.

Abstract
Background: Color is a central component of primate vision and perception of color is crucial to scene identification, recognition, and visual memory.

Aim and Objectives: The present study was undertaken to find out relationship between color perception and memory.

Materials and Methods: Memory tests such as visual digit span test, paired association test, and picture recall test were conducted on 90 subjects divided in two study Groups – I (red) and II (blue) and one control group (white) exposed to different color backgrounds to evaluate the recalling capacity to digits, paired words, and pictures. Results were expressed as mean ± standard deviation. ANOVA and unpaired “t-test” were applied to compare the results between study and control groups. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: In visual digital span test, Group I (14.36 ± 2.34) showed significant increase in attention compare to Group II (11.77 ± 2.13) and control (12.43 ± 2.27). In paired association test, Group I (16.08 ± 2.46), Group II (16.33 ± 2.77), and control (16.5 ± 2.24) P > 0.05 showed no significant difference. In picture recall test, no significant difference was seen between control (9.7 ± 2.91) and study groups; Group I (10.43 ± 3.22) and Group II (9.63 ± 2.94) (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: We conclude that red background color perception has a positive influence on attention span and short-term memory as compared to white or blue color.

Key words: Color; Memory; Visual Digit Span Test; Paired Association Test; Picture Recall Test


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Jadhao A, Bagade A, Taware G, Bhonde M. Effect of background color perception on attention span and short-term memory in normal students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(11): 981-984. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.06162202017072020


Web Style

Jadhao A, Bagade A, Taware G, Bhonde M. Effect of background color perception on attention span and short-term memory in normal students. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=104700 [Access: October 31, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.06162202017072020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jadhao A, Bagade A, Taware G, Bhonde M. Effect of background color perception on attention span and short-term memory in normal students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(11): 981-984. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.06162202017072020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jadhao A, Bagade A, Taware G, Bhonde M. Effect of background color perception on attention span and short-term memory in normal students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2020), [cited October 31, 2020]; 10(11): 981-984. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.06162202017072020



Harvard Style

Jadhao, A., Bagade, . A., Taware, . G. & Bhonde, . M. (2020) Effect of background color perception on attention span and short-term memory in normal students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 10 (11), 981-984. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.06162202017072020



Turabian Style

Jadhao, Anand, Angesh Bagade, Govind Taware, and Megha Bhonde. 2020. Effect of background color perception on attention span and short-term memory in normal students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (11), 981-984. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.06162202017072020



Chicago Style

Jadhao, Anand, Angesh Bagade, Govind Taware, and Megha Bhonde. "Effect of background color perception on attention span and short-term memory in normal students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10 (2020), 981-984. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.06162202017072020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jadhao, Anand, Angesh Bagade, Govind Taware, and Megha Bhonde. "Effect of background color perception on attention span and short-term memory in normal students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10.11 (2020), 981-984. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.06162202017072020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jadhao, A., Bagade, . A., Taware, . G. & Bhonde, . M. (2020) Effect of background color perception on attention span and short-term memory in normal students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (11), 981-984. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.06162202017072020