E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A comparative study on effects of chronic alcoholism on anthropometric changes in sedentary human beings

Pradeep Reddy Srikaram, Santosh Palekar, Srikanth T.

Abstract
Background: Chronic alcoholism has devastating consequences on every system of the human body. Anthropometric measurements indirectly signify the overall health and well-being of the individuals. Effects of alcoholism on human body can be assessed by studying its effects on anthropometric parameters.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to find out and compare the effects of chronic alcoholism on anthropometric measurements between alcoholic sedentary (Group 1) and non-alcoholic sedentary (Group 2) human beings.

Materials and Methods: A sample size of 100, age- and sex-matched sedentary individuals are recruited for the study and are categorized into Group 1 (50 alcoholic) and the Group 2 (non-alcoholic). Anthropometric measurements were measured and compared using studentís t-test.

Results: The mean weight was 63.270 Kg in alcoholics and 66.220 Kg in non-alcoholic. The mean mid arm circumference (MAC) was 26.120 cm in alcoholics and 27.180 cm in non-alcoholic. The mean maximum fore arm circumference (MFAC) was 25.020 in alcoholics and 25.720 cm in non-alcoholic. The mean body mass index (BMI) was 23.630 kg/m2 in alcoholics and 24.531 kg/m2 in non-alcoholic. The mean fore arm muscle area (FAMA) was 40.945 cm2 in alcoholics and 43.263 cm2 in non-alcoholic. The mean corrected FAMA (CFAMA) was 30.907 cm2 in alcoholics and 33.263 cm2 in non-alcoholic. The mean fore arm skin fold thickness (FSFT) was 7.680 mm in alcoholics and 7.840 mm in non-alcoholic. The mean MM was 18.997 in alcoholics and 20.226 in non-alcoholic. Statistical analysis was done by student t-test and P ňā 0.05 was considered for statistical significance. Parameters such as weight, BMI, FAMA, CFAMA, FSFT, MFAC MAC, and MM were significantly lower in alcoholics than non-alcoholics (P ňā 0.05). Anthropometric parameter abdominal skin fold thickness (ASFT) was significantly higher in alcoholics than non-alcoholics.

Conclusion: Study concludes that anthropometric measurements such as Weight, BMI, FSFT, FAMA, CFAMA, FSFT, MFAC MAC, and MM in alcoholic group were lower than non-alcoholic group. However, significant change was not observed in Height, Body Fat %, biceps skin fold thickness, Forearm length, and fore arm muscle volume. It was also observed that ASFT was higher in the alcoholic group when compared to non-alcoholic group.

Key words: Alcohol; Anthropometric; Body mass index; Sedentary


 
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Pubmed Style

Srikaram PR, Palekar S, T S. A comparative study on effects of chronic alcoholism on anthropometric changes in sedentary human beings. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(9): 1037-1044. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07268202102082021


Web Style

Srikaram PR, Palekar S, T S. A comparative study on effects of chronic alcoholism on anthropometric changes in sedentary human beings. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=104601 [Access: October 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07268202102082021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Srikaram PR, Palekar S, T S. A comparative study on effects of chronic alcoholism on anthropometric changes in sedentary human beings. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(9): 1037-1044. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07268202102082021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Srikaram PR, Palekar S, T S. A comparative study on effects of chronic alcoholism on anthropometric changes in sedentary human beings. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited October 01, 2021]; 11(9): 1037-1044. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07268202102082021



Harvard Style

Srikaram, P. R., Palekar, . S. & T, . S. (2021) A comparative study on effects of chronic alcoholism on anthropometric changes in sedentary human beings. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (9), 1037-1044. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07268202102082021



Turabian Style

Srikaram, Pradeep Reddy, Santosh Palekar, and Srikanth T. 2021. A comparative study on effects of chronic alcoholism on anthropometric changes in sedentary human beings. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (9), 1037-1044. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07268202102082021



Chicago Style

Srikaram, Pradeep Reddy, Santosh Palekar, and Srikanth T. "A comparative study on effects of chronic alcoholism on anthropometric changes in sedentary human beings." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 1037-1044. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07268202102082021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Srikaram, Pradeep Reddy, Santosh Palekar, and Srikanth T. "A comparative study on effects of chronic alcoholism on anthropometric changes in sedentary human beings." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.9 (2021), 1037-1044. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07268202102082021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Srikaram, P. R., Palekar, . S. & T, . S. (2021) A comparative study on effects of chronic alcoholism on anthropometric changes in sedentary human beings. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (9), 1037-1044. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.07268202102082021