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Educational Forum 


Learning pharmacology by metaphors: A tale of antihistamines

Gurudas Khilnani, Ajeet Kumar Khilnani, Rekha Thaddanee.

Abstract
Learning is facilitated by the use of proper instructional design. There are many creative forms reported for effective learning of medical subjects. Creative writing requires a great deal of intuitiveness and imaginations, using anecdotes, figures of speech, and stories from the literature. Often, homologies and analogies are given in metaphors, transforming inanimate drugs into live human beings, who tell about themselves to convey desired information. By such metaphors difficult topics in pharmacology can be narrated in simplified manner which maintain curiosity and stimulate interest and thus core components can be retained due to vivid rhetoric effect on memory. Here, we describe a metaphor of antihistamine (AH) drugs in which there is lively narration of mechanism of action, therapeutic uses and adverse effects and comparison of sedating older AHs with newer non-sedating second generation drugs. One of the AH drugs acts as a colorful raconteur and narrates evolution of AH therapy.

Key words: Antihistamines; Inverse agonist; Metaphors; Pharmacology


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khilnani G, Khilnani AK, Thaddanee R. Learning pharmacology by metaphors: A tale of antihistamines. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(8): 693-700. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04095202002052020


Web Style

Khilnani G, Khilnani AK, Thaddanee R. Learning pharmacology by metaphors: A tale of antihistamines. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=100736 [Access: October 01, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04095202002052020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khilnani G, Khilnani AK, Thaddanee R. Learning pharmacology by metaphors: A tale of antihistamines. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(8): 693-700. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04095202002052020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khilnani G, Khilnani AK, Thaddanee R. Learning pharmacology by metaphors: A tale of antihistamines. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2020), [cited October 01, 2020]; 10(8): 693-700. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04095202002052020



Harvard Style

Khilnani, G., Khilnani, . A. K. & Thaddanee, . R. (2020) Learning pharmacology by metaphors: A tale of antihistamines. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 10 (8), 693-700. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04095202002052020



Turabian Style

Khilnani, Gurudas, Ajeet Kumar Khilnani, and Rekha Thaddanee. 2020. Learning pharmacology by metaphors: A tale of antihistamines. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (8), 693-700. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04095202002052020



Chicago Style

Khilnani, Gurudas, Ajeet Kumar Khilnani, and Rekha Thaddanee. "Learning pharmacology by metaphors: A tale of antihistamines." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10 (2020), 693-700. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04095202002052020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khilnani, Gurudas, Ajeet Kumar Khilnani, and Rekha Thaddanee. "Learning pharmacology by metaphors: A tale of antihistamines." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10.8 (2020), 693-700. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04095202002052020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khilnani, G., Khilnani, . A. K. & Thaddanee, . R. (2020) Learning pharmacology by metaphors: A tale of antihistamines. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (8), 693-700. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04095202002052020