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Original Research 


Sympathetic function tests during pre‑ and post‑menstrual phases in young women

Sunita Manikrao Handergulle, Savita Satyanarayan Somani.

Abstract
Background: Women undergo many types of behavioral and hormonal changes, especially during reproductive life. Besides reproductive changes, there occur cyclical fluctuations in various functions of body systems. Autonomic nervous system provides physiological adaptive background for these changes. In these cyclical changes, pre‑menstrual phase stress can be assessed by sympathetic function tests to avoid further cardiovascular complications.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study is to carry out sympathetic function tests during pre‑menstrual phase and post‑menstrual phase of healthy young women.

Materials and Methods: The study was carried out in 50 healthy females of age between 18 and 25 years. They undergo the sympathetic function tests such as pulse rate, blood pressure (BP), orthostatic variation on BP, and cold pressor test. Statistical analysis was done by student paired t‑test.

Result: Response to various sympathetic tests were altered in pre‑menstrual phase as compared to that of post‑menstrual phase reflecting highly significant increase in the sympathetic activity.

Conclusion: Neurohormonal changes and pre‑menstrual stress during the pre‑menstrual phase are interrelated to each other and increases the sympathetic activity.

Key words: Autonomic Nervous System; Pre‑menstrual Phase; Post‑menstrual Phase; Sympathetic Activity


 
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Pubmed Style

Sunita Manikrao Handergulle, Savita Satyanarayan Somani. Sympathetic function tests during pre‑ and post‑menstrual phases in young women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(2): 211-214. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0831106092017


Web Style

Sunita Manikrao Handergulle, Savita Satyanarayan Somani. Sympathetic function tests during pre‑ and post‑menstrual phases in young women. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=274852 [Access: November 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0831106092017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sunita Manikrao Handergulle, Savita Satyanarayan Somani. Sympathetic function tests during pre‑ and post‑menstrual phases in young women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(2): 211-214. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0831106092017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sunita Manikrao Handergulle, Savita Satyanarayan Somani. Sympathetic function tests during pre‑ and post‑menstrual phases in young women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited November 21, 2018]; 8(2): 211-214. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0831106092017



Harvard Style

Sunita Manikrao Handergulle, Savita Satyanarayan Somani (2018) Sympathetic function tests during pre‑ and post‑menstrual phases in young women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (2), 211-214. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0831106092017



Turabian Style

Sunita Manikrao Handergulle, Savita Satyanarayan Somani. 2018. Sympathetic function tests during pre‑ and post‑menstrual phases in young women. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (2), 211-214. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0831106092017



Chicago Style

Sunita Manikrao Handergulle, Savita Satyanarayan Somani. "Sympathetic function tests during pre‑ and post‑menstrual phases in young women." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 211-214. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0831106092017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sunita Manikrao Handergulle, Savita Satyanarayan Somani. "Sympathetic function tests during pre‑ and post‑menstrual phases in young women." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.2 (2018), 211-214. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0831106092017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sunita Manikrao Handergulle, Savita Satyanarayan Somani (2018) Sympathetic function tests during pre‑ and post‑menstrual phases in young women. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (2), 211-214. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0831106092017





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