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Association of ABO and Rh blood groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Muzaffarnagar city

Tanu Aggarwal, Deepankar Singh, Bhawana Sharma, Salman shafi Siddiqui, Sudha Agarwal.

Abstract
Background: The “ABO” blood group system is associated with some diseases including gastric and duodenal ulcer, hepatitis B1, vascular diseases, abdominal aortic aneurism, and cancers. Some epidemiological studies demonstrated the linkage among the “ABO” blood group and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).

Aims and Objective -This study aimed to find out the possible linkage between “ABO” and “Rhesus” blood groups with type 2 DM.

Material and Methods: This study was carried out in Department of Physiology, Muzaffarnagar Medical College and Hospital, Muzaffarnagar from April 2017 to June 2017. This study included total 1316 individuals in which 104 were diabetic patients, and 1212 individuals were non-diabetic apparently healthy controls. Diabetic patients were taken from diabetic outpatient clinics, and the controls were taken from healthy individuals coming for blood donation at blood bank of Muzaffarnagar Medical College and Hospital, Muzaffarnagar. Standard slide agglutination test for the determination of ABO and Rh blood groups was used. Data thus obtained were analyzed by applying Chi-square test to determine any association between DM and different ABO and Rh blood groups. Data were expressed as percent and absolute number of frequency.

Results: Increased frequency of blood group AB and blood group O (18.26% vs. 10.31%, 34.61% vs. 29.31%) were found in diabetes. On applying Chi-square test, statistically significant association was found between blood groups AB and O and DM (Chi-square value - 8.24, P < 0.04). Increased frequency of Rh positive blood group in diabetic (96.15% vs. 95.54%) but association between Rh blood group and diabetes was not statistically significant. (Chi-square value - 0.021, P = 0.88).

Conclusion: Blood group might be a risk factor and it can be helpful for the evaluation of the disease.

Key words: ABO Blood Group; Rh Blood Group; Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Aggarwal T, Singh D, Sharma B, Siddiqui Ss, Agarwal S. Association of ABO and Rh blood groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Muzaffarnagar city. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(2): 167-170. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0830324082017


Web Style

Aggarwal T, Singh D, Sharma B, Siddiqui Ss, Agarwal S. Association of ABO and Rh blood groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Muzaffarnagar city. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=274503 [Access: February 23, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0830324082017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Aggarwal T, Singh D, Sharma B, Siddiqui Ss, Agarwal S. Association of ABO and Rh blood groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Muzaffarnagar city. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(2): 167-170. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0830324082017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Aggarwal T, Singh D, Sharma B, Siddiqui Ss, Agarwal S. Association of ABO and Rh blood groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Muzaffarnagar city. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited February 23, 2018]; 8(2): 167-170. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0830324082017



Harvard Style

Aggarwal, T., Singh, D., Sharma, B., Siddiqui, S. s. & Agarwal, S. (2018) Association of ABO and Rh blood groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Muzaffarnagar city. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (2), 167-170. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0830324082017



Turabian Style

Aggarwal, Tanu, Deepankar Singh, Bhawana Sharma, Salman shafi Siddiqui, and Sudha Agarwal. 2018. Association of ABO and Rh blood groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Muzaffarnagar city. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (2), 167-170. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0830324082017



Chicago Style

Aggarwal, Tanu, Deepankar Singh, Bhawana Sharma, Salman shafi Siddiqui, and Sudha Agarwal. "Association of ABO and Rh blood groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Muzaffarnagar city." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 167-170. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0830324082017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Aggarwal, Tanu, Deepankar Singh, Bhawana Sharma, Salman shafi Siddiqui, and Sudha Agarwal. "Association of ABO and Rh blood groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Muzaffarnagar city." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.2 (2018), 167-170. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0830324082017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Aggarwal, T., Singh, D., Sharma, B., Siddiqui, S. s. & Agarwal, S. (2018) Association of ABO and Rh blood groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Muzaffarnagar city. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (2), 167-170. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0830324082017



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