E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Immediate effects of mobile phone radiations on heart rate variability in college going students

Juveriya Yasmeen, Mehnaaz Sameera Arifuddin, Nazema Khatoon, Umaima Mahveen, Mohammed Abdul Hannan Hazari.

Abstract
Background: The use of mobile phone has increased excessively these days which can have a deleterious effect on human tissues and organs, especially cardiovascular system (CVS). The effects on CVS can be detected at an early stage by analyzing alterations in heart rate variability (HRV).

Aims and Objectives: This study was designed to determine the effect of mobile phone use with different components of HRV.

Materials and Methods: In our study, HRV was measured in 95 college-going students (males: 49 and females: 46) using root mean square polyrite-D during 3 phases with each phase being recorded continuously for 2 min: Phase 1: Basal recording; Phase 2: Mobile phone use during active call with direct contact to the ear; and Phase 3: Mobile phone use during active call with earphones. Data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis using repeated measures non-parametric test followed by multiple comparison tests.

Results: There was a significant increase in mean HR and decrease in mean RR interval from baseline through Phase 3 to Phase 2. This study shows that there was statistically significant change in root of the mean of the sum of the squares of differences, low frequency (LF), high frequency (HF), and LF/HF ratio between basal recording and during active call (direct contact of mobile phone to the ear and also with use of earphones); however, no change was seen between direct contact of mobile phone to the ear and during the use of earphones. Standard deviation of all normal-to-normal intervals did not show any significant change. We also observed gender differences in some of the HRV parameters.

Conclusion: There is a considerable effect of mobile phone use on HR and HRV parameters. Furthermore, the changes noted are less with earphone use than when compared with the use of mobile phone in direct contact with the ear though these differences were not significant statistically.

Key words: Heart Rate Variability; High Frequency; Low Frequency; Low Frequency/High Frequency Ratio; Mobile Phone; Root of the Mean of the Sum of the Squares of Differences; Standard Deviation of All Normal-to-normal Intervals


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Juveriya Yasmeen
Articles by Mehnaaz Sameera Arifuddin
Articles by Nazema Khatoon
Articles by Umaima Mahveen
Articles by Mohammed Abdul Hannan Hazari
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 481
Downloaded: 169
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Yasmeen J, Arifuddin MS, Khatoon N, Mahveen U, Hazari MAH. Immediate effects of mobile phone radiations on heart rate variability in college going students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(1): 56-61. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0727708082017


Web Style

Yasmeen J, Arifuddin MS, Khatoon N, Mahveen U, Hazari MAH. Immediate effects of mobile phone radiations on heart rate variability in college going students. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=273250 [Access: April 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0727708082017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Yasmeen J, Arifuddin MS, Khatoon N, Mahveen U, Hazari MAH. Immediate effects of mobile phone radiations on heart rate variability in college going students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(1): 56-61. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0727708082017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Yasmeen J, Arifuddin MS, Khatoon N, Mahveen U, Hazari MAH. Immediate effects of mobile phone radiations on heart rate variability in college going students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited April 22, 2018]; 8(1): 56-61. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0727708082017



Harvard Style

Yasmeen, J., Arifuddin, M. S., Khatoon, N., Mahveen, U. & Hazari, M. A. H. (2018) Immediate effects of mobile phone radiations on heart rate variability in college going students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (1), 56-61. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0727708082017



Turabian Style

Yasmeen, Juveriya, Mehnaaz Sameera Arifuddin, Nazema Khatoon, Umaima Mahveen, and Mohammed Abdul Hannan Hazari. 2018. Immediate effects of mobile phone radiations on heart rate variability in college going students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (1), 56-61. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0727708082017



Chicago Style

Yasmeen, Juveriya, Mehnaaz Sameera Arifuddin, Nazema Khatoon, Umaima Mahveen, and Mohammed Abdul Hannan Hazari. "Immediate effects of mobile phone radiations on heart rate variability in college going students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 56-61. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0727708082017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Yasmeen, Juveriya, Mehnaaz Sameera Arifuddin, Nazema Khatoon, Umaima Mahveen, and Mohammed Abdul Hannan Hazari. "Immediate effects of mobile phone radiations on heart rate variability in college going students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.1 (2018), 56-61. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0727708082017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Yasmeen, J., Arifuddin, M. S., Khatoon, N., Mahveen, U. & Hazari, M. A. H. (2018) Immediate effects of mobile phone radiations on heart rate variability in college going students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (1), 56-61. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0727708082017





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Most Cited Articles
  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effects of sixteen weeks exercise training on left ventricular dimensions and function in young athletes
    Sandip M Hulke, Yuganti P Vaidya, Amandeepkour R Ratta
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 152-158
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.152-158
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players
    Kaninika Panda, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, HH Sudhakar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]