E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Antimicrobial prescribing pattern in urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital

Samira Kumar Naik, Satyajit Samal, Susanta Kumar Sahu, Bhabagrahi Rath.

Abstract
Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common illness affecting both males and females in almost all age groups. Varieties of antimicrobials such as cotrimoxazole, nitrofurantoin, fluoroquinolones, and penicillin are effective for treatment of UTI.

Aims and Objectives: The present observational study was planned to generate data on antimicrobial use pattern in UTI which could be beneficial in selection of rational drug therapy in UTI.

Materials and Methods: The retrospective study was carried out by analyzing indoor and outpatient department case records of UTI patients of a tertiary care hospital. The demographic data and prescription pattern, urine culture report, along with the antimicrobial sensitivity testing were evaluated. The data were analyzed by routine descriptive statistics.

Results: Escherichia coli was the most common organism to be isolated in urine culture followed by Staphylococcus aureus. Cephalosporin group was the most prescribed antibiotics in all age groups. Although nitrofurantoin and cotrimoxazole were showing good sensitivity pattern when compared with other antimicrobial groups, these were least prescribed.

Conclusion: The choice of antimicrobial drugs should be individualized based on patient compliance, adverse effects, availability and costing factors, along with prevailing sensitivity pattern in the locality. Nitrofurantoin can be better alternative for uncomplicated UTI when compared to third generation cephalosporins.

Key words: Antimicrobial; Cephalosporins; Drug Resistance; Nitrofurantoin; Urinary Tract Infection


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Samira Kumar Naik
Articles by Satyajit Samal
Articles by Susanta Kumar Sahu
Articles by Bhabagrahi Rath
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1032
Downloaded: 364
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Naik SK, Samal S, Sahu SK, Rath B. Antimicrobial prescribing pattern in urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(12): 1318-1322. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0623506072017


Web Style

Naik SK, Samal S, Sahu SK, Rath B. Antimicrobial prescribing pattern in urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=270157 [Access: October 24, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0623506072017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Naik SK, Samal S, Sahu SK, Rath B. Antimicrobial prescribing pattern in urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(12): 1318-1322. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0623506072017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Naik SK, Samal S, Sahu SK, Rath B. Antimicrobial prescribing pattern in urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited October 24, 2018]; 7(12): 1318-1322. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0623506072017



Harvard Style

Naik, S. K., Samal, S., Sahu, S. K. & Rath, B. (2017) Antimicrobial prescribing pattern in urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (12), 1318-1322. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0623506072017



Turabian Style

Naik, Samira Kumar, Satyajit Samal, Susanta Kumar Sahu, and Bhabagrahi Rath. 2017. Antimicrobial prescribing pattern in urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (12), 1318-1322. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0623506072017



Chicago Style

Naik, Samira Kumar, Satyajit Samal, Susanta Kumar Sahu, and Bhabagrahi Rath. "Antimicrobial prescribing pattern in urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 1318-1322. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0623506072017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Naik, Samira Kumar, Satyajit Samal, Susanta Kumar Sahu, and Bhabagrahi Rath. "Antimicrobial prescribing pattern in urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.12 (2017), 1318-1322. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0623506072017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Naik, S. K., Samal, S., Sahu, S. K. & Rath, B. (2017) Antimicrobial prescribing pattern in urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (12), 1318-1322. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0623506072017





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Most Cited Articles
  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effects of sixteen weeks exercise training on left ventricular dimensions and function in young athletes
    Sandip M Hulke, Yuganti P Vaidya, Amandeepkour R Ratta
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 152-158
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.152-158
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]