E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Estimation of aerobic fitness levels and its determinants among the school going undernourished Indian children – A field-based study

Rajesh Jeniton Fernando, Maria Pauline, Tinku Thomas, Mario Vaz.

Abstract
Background: Higher aerobic fitness in children has many physical and cognitive health benefits and can track into adulthood preventing non-communicable diseases later in life. Data on the levels of aerobic fitness among Indian undernourished children are sparse.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the present study is to perform a field-based study to estimate the levels of aerobic fitness and its determinants among the undernourished Indian children.

Materials and Methods: Three hundred clinically healthy children, 50% boys, 7–10.5 years between the body mass index (BMI) Z score of βˆ’3 and 0 were recruited. Their anthropometry, lung function, handgrip strength were determined, and their physical activity levels were ascertained. Their aerobic fitness was estimated using 20-m multistage shuttle run test (20-mMSRT) and modified Harvard’s step test (MHST).

Results: The estimated aerobic fitness levels were 32.25 ± 4.21 and 37.29 ± 5.96 (ml/kg/min) using 20-mMSRT and MHST, respectively. Body composition (fat-free mass), nutritional level (BMI Z scores), and hemoglobin explained 37% and 44% of the variance in whole-body aerobic fitness (ml/min) using 20-mMSRT and MHST, respectively. Gender difference in the predicted aerobic fitness was not apparent in this undernourished group of children. BMI Z scores were positively correlated with the whole-body aerobic fitness among undernourished Indian children.

Conclusion: The estimated levels of aerobic fitness among the Indian undernourished children were found to be low for their age. Improvement in nutrition can positively influence on whole-body aerobic fitness among this group of undernourished children.

Key words: Aerobic Fitness; Body Composition; Children; Lung Function; Nutrition; Physical Activity Levels


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Fernando RJ, Pauline M, Thomas T, Vaz M. Estimation of aerobic fitness levels and its determinants among the school going undernourished Indian children – A field-based study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04093202006052020


Web Style

Fernando RJ, Pauline M, Thomas T, Vaz M. Estimation of aerobic fitness levels and its determinants among the school going undernourished Indian children – A field-based study. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=99936 [Access: May 20, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04093202006052020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Fernando RJ, Pauline M, Thomas T, Vaz M. Estimation of aerobic fitness levels and its determinants among the school going undernourished Indian children – A field-based study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04093202006052020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Fernando RJ, Pauline M, Thomas T, Vaz M. Estimation of aerobic fitness levels and its determinants among the school going undernourished Indian children – A field-based study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04093202006052020



Harvard Style

Fernando, R. J., Pauline, . M., Thomas, . T. & Vaz, . M. (2020) Estimation of aerobic fitness levels and its determinants among the school going undernourished Indian children – A field-based study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04093202006052020



Turabian Style

Fernando, Rajesh Jeniton, Maria Pauline, Tinku Thomas, and Mario Vaz. 2020. Estimation of aerobic fitness levels and its determinants among the school going undernourished Indian children – A field-based study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04093202006052020



Chicago Style

Fernando, Rajesh Jeniton, Maria Pauline, Tinku Thomas, and Mario Vaz. "Estimation of aerobic fitness levels and its determinants among the school going undernourished Indian children – A field-based study." doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04093202006052020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Fernando, Rajesh Jeniton, Maria Pauline, Tinku Thomas, and Mario Vaz. "Estimation of aerobic fitness levels and its determinants among the school going undernourished Indian children – A field-based study." doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04093202006052020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Fernando, R. J., Pauline, . M., Thomas, . T. & Vaz, . M. (2020) Estimation of aerobic fitness levels and its determinants among the school going undernourished Indian children – A field-based study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04093202006052020