E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Non-invasive assessment of endothelial function of systemic arteries during obstructive chronic bronchopneumopathy in African Black subjects

Maïmouna Touré, Diaty Sow, Arnaud JF. Tiendrébéogo, Mbaye Sène, Abdou Khadir Sow, Valentin Ouédraogo, Mor Diaw, Arame Mbengue, Modou Oumy Kane, Abdoulaye Ba, Mamadou Sarr, Abdoulaye Samb, Fatou Bintou Sar.

Abstract
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by high mortality. The latter is strongly attributed to cardiovascular events whose onset is endothelial dysfunction and vascular remodeling.

Aims and Objectives: The aims were to evaluate the endothelial function during COPD and the factors involved with possible endothelial dysfunction in Senegalese Black men aged at least 18 years.

Materials and Methods: This was a prospective and cross-sectional study. After a complete clinical examination and evaluation of the body composition by a bioimpedancemeter, the endothelial function was evaluated by EndoPAT2000®.

Results: the mean age was 61.50 years ± 6.62. Of the subjects, 70% were smokers and 50% had limited chest enlargement. According to the body mass index and the percentage of body fat, underweight was 30% and 40%, respectively. The 75.5% of the meager could not be evaluated by bio-impedancemeter due to extreme thinness. Endothelial dysfunction involved 70% of subjects. In addition, 86% of subjects with endothelial dysfunction were smokers. The reactive hyperemia index was positively correlated with body mass index (P = 0.017 and r = 0.73), body fat percentage (P = 0.016 and r = 0.73) and visceral fat level (P = 0.008 and r = 0.78).

Conclusion: The evolution of COPD would be laced with serious cardiovascular complications often fatal. The assessment of nutritional status and endothelial function is fundamental for better management of the disease.

Key words: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; EndoPAT2000®; Endothelial Dysfunction; Reactive Hyperemia Index; Senegalese Black Men


 
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Pubmed Style

Maïmouna Touré| Diaty Sow| Arnaud JF. Tiendrébéogo| Mbaye Sène| Abdou Khadir Sow| Valentin Ouédraogo| Mor Diaw| Arame Mbengue| Modou Oumy Kane| Abdoulaye Ba| Mamadou Sarr| Abdoulaye Samb| Fatou Bintou Sar. Non-invasive assessment of endothelial function of systemic arteries during obstructive chronic bronchopneumopathy in African Black subjects. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(12): 1709-1714. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.0930210112018


Web Style

Maïmouna Touré| Diaty Sow| Arnaud JF. Tiendrébéogo| Mbaye Sène| Abdou Khadir Sow| Valentin Ouédraogo| Mor Diaw| Arame Mbengue| Modou Oumy Kane| Abdoulaye Ba| Mamadou Sarr| Abdoulaye Samb| Fatou Bintou Sar. Non-invasive assessment of endothelial function of systemic arteries during obstructive chronic bronchopneumopathy in African Black subjects. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=9807 [Access: December 13, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.0930210112018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Maïmouna Touré| Diaty Sow| Arnaud JF. Tiendrébéogo| Mbaye Sène| Abdou Khadir Sow| Valentin Ouédraogo| Mor Diaw| Arame Mbengue| Modou Oumy Kane| Abdoulaye Ba| Mamadou Sarr| Abdoulaye Samb| Fatou Bintou Sar. Non-invasive assessment of endothelial function of systemic arteries during obstructive chronic bronchopneumopathy in African Black subjects. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(12): 1709-1714. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.0930210112018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Maïmouna Touré| Diaty Sow| Arnaud JF. Tiendrébéogo| Mbaye Sène| Abdou Khadir Sow| Valentin Ouédraogo| Mor Diaw| Arame Mbengue| Modou Oumy Kane| Abdoulaye Ba| Mamadou Sarr| Abdoulaye Samb| Fatou Bintou Sar. Non-invasive assessment of endothelial function of systemic arteries during obstructive chronic bronchopneumopathy in African Black subjects. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited December 13, 2018]; 8(12): 1709-1714. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.0930210112018



Harvard Style

Maïmouna Touré| Diaty Sow| Arnaud JF. Tiendrébéogo| Mbaye Sène| Abdou Khadir Sow| Valentin Ouédraogo| Mor Diaw| Arame Mbengue| Modou Oumy Kane| Abdoulaye Ba| Mamadou Sarr| Abdoulaye Samb| Fatou Bintou Sar (2018) Non-invasive assessment of endothelial function of systemic arteries during obstructive chronic bronchopneumopathy in African Black subjects. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (12), 1709-1714. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.0930210112018



Turabian Style

Maïmouna Touré| Diaty Sow| Arnaud JF. Tiendrébéogo| Mbaye Sène| Abdou Khadir Sow| Valentin Ouédraogo| Mor Diaw| Arame Mbengue| Modou Oumy Kane| Abdoulaye Ba| Mamadou Sarr| Abdoulaye Samb| Fatou Bintou Sar. 2018. Non-invasive assessment of endothelial function of systemic arteries during obstructive chronic bronchopneumopathy in African Black subjects. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (12), 1709-1714. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.0930210112018



Chicago Style

Maïmouna Touré| Diaty Sow| Arnaud JF. Tiendrébéogo| Mbaye Sène| Abdou Khadir Sow| Valentin Ouédraogo| Mor Diaw| Arame Mbengue| Modou Oumy Kane| Abdoulaye Ba| Mamadou Sarr| Abdoulaye Samb| Fatou Bintou Sar. "Non-invasive assessment of endothelial function of systemic arteries during obstructive chronic bronchopneumopathy in African Black subjects." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 1709-1714. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.0930210112018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Maïmouna Touré| Diaty Sow| Arnaud JF. Tiendrébéogo| Mbaye Sène| Abdou Khadir Sow| Valentin Ouédraogo| Mor Diaw| Arame Mbengue| Modou Oumy Kane| Abdoulaye Ba| Mamadou Sarr| Abdoulaye Samb| Fatou Bintou Sar. "Non-invasive assessment of endothelial function of systemic arteries during obstructive chronic bronchopneumopathy in African Black subjects." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.12 (2018), 1709-1714. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.0930210112018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Maïmouna Touré| Diaty Sow| Arnaud JF. Tiendrébéogo| Mbaye Sène| Abdou Khadir Sow| Valentin Ouédraogo| Mor Diaw| Arame Mbengue| Modou Oumy Kane| Abdoulaye Ba| Mamadou Sarr| Abdoulaye Samb| Fatou Bintou Sar (2018) Non-invasive assessment of endothelial function of systemic arteries during obstructive chronic bronchopneumopathy in African Black subjects. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (12), 1709-1714. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.0930210112018





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