E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Clinical profile of patients with stroke in a tertiary hospital setting in rural Telangana

Sindu Punna, Shailendra D, Amirunnisa Begum Mohammad, Krishna Sowmya Balla, Ajay Joseph K, Sanketh Edem, Vidhyadhari Karne, Ram Krishna Rao Enganti.

Abstract
Background: Stroke is the second leading cause of death and the third leading cause of disability across the world. The understanding of stroke in a clinical setting is what we wanted to achieve as there is a very scarce amount of data present in India when it comes to vascular diseases, especially the rural part of India.

Aims and Objectives: The aims of the study were (1) to study the clinical profile of stroke and (2) to study the prescribing pattern of drugs in stroke patients attending a tertiary care hospital in rural Telangana.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective case sheet-based study was conducted in a tertiary care institute from January 01, 2015, to July 31, 2016. The approval for the study was obtained from the Institutional Ethics Committee.

Results: Of the total 155 stroke case sheets analyzed, the majority had an ischemic stroke (91.61%). The incidence of stroke was more in the 50–70 years age group with male preponderance. The most commonly involved area and presentation were capsuloganglionic region and hemiparesis (75.48%), respectively. About 97.89% of ischemic stroke patients were treated by antiplatelet agents (aspirin – 66.2% and clopidogrel – 31.69%). All the hemorrhagic stroke patients were managed by mannitol. The most commonly prescribed antihypertensives medications were calcium channel blockers (55.45%).

Conclusion: Ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke with increased occurrence in the age group of the 5th–7th decade and male preponderance. Capsuloganglionic infarction or hemorrhage was the most common radiological finding with hemiparesis being the most common presentation. Antiplatelet agents (aspirin and clopidogrel) and mannitol were prescribed in ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, respectively.

Key words: Ischemic Stroke; Hemorrhagic Stroke; Hypertension; Aspirin, Mannitol


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Punna S, D S, Mohammad AB, Balla KS, K AJ, Edem S, Karne V, Enganti RKR. Clinical profile of patients with stroke in a tertiary hospital setting in rural Telangana. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(6): 473-477. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03078202028032020


Web Style

Punna S, D S, Mohammad AB, Balla KS, K AJ, Edem S, Karne V, Enganti RKR. Clinical profile of patients with stroke in a tertiary hospital setting in rural Telangana. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=94932 [Access: October 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03078202028032020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Punna S, D S, Mohammad AB, Balla KS, K AJ, Edem S, Karne V, Enganti RKR. Clinical profile of patients with stroke in a tertiary hospital setting in rural Telangana. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(6): 473-477. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03078202028032020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Punna S, D S, Mohammad AB, Balla KS, K AJ, Edem S, Karne V, Enganti RKR. Clinical profile of patients with stroke in a tertiary hospital setting in rural Telangana. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2020), [cited October 01, 2021]; 10(6): 473-477. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03078202028032020



Harvard Style

Punna, S., D, . S., Mohammad, . A. B., Balla, . K. S., K, . A. J., Edem, . S., Karne, . V. & Enganti, . R. K. R. (2020) Clinical profile of patients with stroke in a tertiary hospital setting in rural Telangana. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 10 (6), 473-477. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03078202028032020



Turabian Style

Punna, Sindu, Shailendra D, Amirunnisa Begum Mohammad, Krishna Sowmya Balla, Ajay Joseph K, Sanketh Edem, Vidhyadhari Karne, and Ram Krishna Rao Enganti. 2020. Clinical profile of patients with stroke in a tertiary hospital setting in rural Telangana. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (6), 473-477. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03078202028032020



Chicago Style

Punna, Sindu, Shailendra D, Amirunnisa Begum Mohammad, Krishna Sowmya Balla, Ajay Joseph K, Sanketh Edem, Vidhyadhari Karne, and Ram Krishna Rao Enganti. "Clinical profile of patients with stroke in a tertiary hospital setting in rural Telangana." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10 (2020), 473-477. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03078202028032020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Punna, Sindu, Shailendra D, Amirunnisa Begum Mohammad, Krishna Sowmya Balla, Ajay Joseph K, Sanketh Edem, Vidhyadhari Karne, and Ram Krishna Rao Enganti. "Clinical profile of patients with stroke in a tertiary hospital setting in rural Telangana." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10.6 (2020), 473-477. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03078202028032020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Punna, S., D, . S., Mohammad, . A. B., Balla, . K. S., K, . A. J., Edem, . S., Karne, . V. & Enganti, . R. K. R. (2020) Clinical profile of patients with stroke in a tertiary hospital setting in rural Telangana. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (6), 473-477. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03078202028032020