E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effects of meditation compared with effects of meditation with autosuggestion on cardiovascular variables and autonomic functions An analytical study

Shilpa M, Tejaswini K S, Raghunandana R, Narayana K, Shilpa Marigowda.

Abstract
Background: Primordial prevention of hypertension is a public health concern. Health benefits of meditation in reducing blood pressure (BP) are well documented by various studies. However, effects of autosuggestion a form of self-hypnosis are not much studied.

Aim and Objective: Our study intends to know the effects of meditation and added autosuggestion on cardiovascular variables and autonomic functions.

Materials and Methods: About 60 students aged 1720 years were selected and divided into two groups randomly. Group A was made to practice meditation and Group B meditation with autosuggestion for 3 months. Physiological parameters such as heart rate, BP, postural changes in BP, and R-R interval were recorded before and after 3 months of practice.

Results: We found a statistically significant change in both groups in all the physiological parameters after the practice of meditation and also with practice of meditation with autosuggestion. The group that practiced meditation with autosuggestion showed a greater effect on postural changes in BP.

Conclusion: These observations suggest that meditation helps to improve the cardiovascular efficiency and homeostatic control of the body, meditation with autosuggestion has an added benefit.

Key words: Meditation; Autosuggestion; Blood Pressure; Heart Rate variability


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

M S, S TK, R R, K N, Marigowda S. Effects of meditation compared with effects of meditation with autosuggestion on cardiovascular variables and autonomic functions An analytical study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(6): 484-487. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03074202002042020


Web Style

M S, S TK, R R, K N, Marigowda S. Effects of meditation compared with effects of meditation with autosuggestion on cardiovascular variables and autonomic functions An analytical study. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=94260 [Access: July 03, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03074202002042020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

M S, S TK, R R, K N, Marigowda S. Effects of meditation compared with effects of meditation with autosuggestion on cardiovascular variables and autonomic functions An analytical study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(6): 484-487. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03074202002042020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

M S, S TK, R R, K N, Marigowda S. Effects of meditation compared with effects of meditation with autosuggestion on cardiovascular variables and autonomic functions An analytical study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2020), [cited July 03, 2021]; 10(6): 484-487. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03074202002042020



Harvard Style

M, S., S, . T. K., R, . R., K, . N. & Marigowda, . S. (2020) Effects of meditation compared with effects of meditation with autosuggestion on cardiovascular variables and autonomic functions An analytical study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 10 (6), 484-487. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03074202002042020



Turabian Style

M, Shilpa, Tejaswini K S, Raghunandana R, Narayana K, and Shilpa Marigowda. 2020. Effects of meditation compared with effects of meditation with autosuggestion on cardiovascular variables and autonomic functions An analytical study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (6), 484-487. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03074202002042020



Chicago Style

M, Shilpa, Tejaswini K S, Raghunandana R, Narayana K, and Shilpa Marigowda. "Effects of meditation compared with effects of meditation with autosuggestion on cardiovascular variables and autonomic functions An analytical study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10 (2020), 484-487. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03074202002042020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

M, Shilpa, Tejaswini K S, Raghunandana R, Narayana K, and Shilpa Marigowda. "Effects of meditation compared with effects of meditation with autosuggestion on cardiovascular variables and autonomic functions An analytical study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10.6 (2020), 484-487. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03074202002042020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

M, S., S, . T. K., R, . R., K, . N. & Marigowda, . S. (2020) Effects of meditation compared with effects of meditation with autosuggestion on cardiovascular variables and autonomic functions An analytical study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (6), 484-487. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03074202002042020