E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Prevalence and Determinants of Overweight and Obesity among Medical Students

Evelyn Thomas, Geethadevi M.

Abstract
Background: Obesity is one of the major lifestyle disorders in India and its incidence has rapidly increased during recent decades. Medical students are more prone for obesity, due to, their sedentary lifestyle, lack of exercise, disordered eating habits, increased stress, and vast topics to learn.

Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the present study were to find the prevalence of overweight/obesity among medical students, identify the contributing/associated factors, and assess the risk of comorbidities in them.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among 330 medical students aged 18–25 years. Height, weight, and waist circumference were measured. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated. International physical activity questionnaire was used to assess physical activity. Dietary habits such as regular/irregular diet, vegetarian/non-vegetarian, eating speed, frequency of consumption of fried snacks, and fast food and sleep duration were also assessed. Based on waist circumference, the risk of comorbidities was also assessed.

Results: Increased prevalence of overweight/obesity (30.6%) was obtained among medical students. Statistically significant increase in the prevalence of generalized obesity was noted in males compared to females. However, waist circumference showed a statistically significant increase in females. There was no significant association between dietary factors, sleep, and physical activity with BMI.

Conclusion: Medical students have a high prevalence of obesity and are thus more prone for obesity-related risks. This study might create a self-awareness among the medical students to adopt healthy lifestyles such as regular exercise, less frequent consumption of fast food, and thus assure that they have reduced cardiovascular risks.

Key words: Overweight; Obesity; Medical Students; Waist Circumference


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Evelyn Thomas
Articles by Geethadevi M
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 661
Downloaded: 54


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Thomas E, M G. Prevalence and Determinants of Overweight and Obesity among Medical Students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(1): 42-48. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035506112019


Web Style

Thomas E, M G. Prevalence and Determinants of Overweight and Obesity among Medical Students. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=71521 [Access: February 16, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035506112019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Thomas E, M G. Prevalence and Determinants of Overweight and Obesity among Medical Students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(1): 42-48. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035506112019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Thomas E, M G. Prevalence and Determinants of Overweight and Obesity among Medical Students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2020), [cited February 16, 2020]; 10(1): 42-48. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035506112019



Harvard Style

Thomas, E. & M, . G. (2020) Prevalence and Determinants of Overweight and Obesity among Medical Students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 10 (1), 42-48. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035506112019



Turabian Style

Thomas, Evelyn, and Geethadevi M. 2020. Prevalence and Determinants of Overweight and Obesity among Medical Students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (1), 42-48. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035506112019



Chicago Style

Thomas, Evelyn, and Geethadevi M. "Prevalence and Determinants of Overweight and Obesity among Medical Students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10 (2020), 42-48. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035506112019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Thomas, Evelyn, and Geethadevi M. "Prevalence and Determinants of Overweight and Obesity among Medical Students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10.1 (2020), 42-48. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035506112019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Thomas, E. & M, . G. (2020) Prevalence and Determinants of Overweight and Obesity among Medical Students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (1), 42-48. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035506112019





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Evaluation of potential drug-drug interaction in indoor patients of pediatric department of tertiary care hospital
    Simran Patel, Mayur Chaudhari, Nrupal Patel
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(10): 1012-1016
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0725209072019

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Promoting active learning in respiratory physiology – Positive student perception and improved outcomes
    Richa Thaman, Sukhjinder Dhillon, Sanjeev Saggar, Meenakshi Gupta, Harkirat Kaur
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 27-34
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.27000
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Pattern of mobile phone usage and its effects on psychological health, sleep, and academic performance in students of a medical university
    Naveenta Gupta, Sonia Garg, Khushdeep Arora
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(2): 132-139
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0311201599
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]