E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of prehypertension and its association with levels of stress and anxiety among students of various disciplines in Chennai - A cross-sectional study

Abeetha S, Sureka V, Brinda S, Ganesh M, Jeby Jose Olickal, Sujatha.

Abstract
Background: Assessment of the prevalence of prehypertension among the student population and its association with risk factors such as stress and anxiety is very essential to plan preventive programs. This cross-sectional study was carried out among medical, engineering, and arts students to assess the prevalence of prehypertension and its association with stress and anxiety.

Aims and Objectives: The objectives are as follows: (1) To find the prevalence of prehypertension, stress, and anxiety and to assess their association and (2) to find out the association of prehypertension among various courses.

Materials and Methods: A total of 323 students from various courses such as medicine, engineering, and arts from a deemed university in Chennai participated in the study. After obtaining Institutional Ethics Committee approval and informed consent, details on their personal identity were collected. Blood pressure was measured. Anxiety and stress were assessed using generalized anxiety disorder-7 and Cohenís stress scale self-administered questionnaires.

Results: The prevalence of prehypertension was highest (55.6%) among medical students. Stress and anxiety levels are almost similar in all courses with a negligible difference. However, stress is highest among B. Tech students (58.9%) and anxiety levels highest among the medical students (20.3%). The prevalence of pre-hypertension was 1.42 times more among people with high stress, 1.8 times more among people with anxiety and 1.5 times more among medical students which were statistically significant.

Conclusion: The high prevalence of prehypertension and its association with stress and anxiety in this adolescent population indicates an urgent need for goals to reduce the cardiovascular risk.

Key words: Prehypertension; Stress; Anxiety; Cardiovascular Risk


 
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Pubmed Style

S A, V S, S B, M G, Olickal JJ, Sujatha . Prevalence of prehypertension and its association with levels of stress and anxiety among students of various disciplines in Chennai - A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(12): 1599-1604. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0928210092018


Web Style

S A, V S, S B, M G, Olickal JJ, Sujatha . Prevalence of prehypertension and its association with levels of stress and anxiety among students of various disciplines in Chennai - A cross-sectional study. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=7034 [Access: December 13, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0928210092018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

S A, V S, S B, M G, Olickal JJ, Sujatha . Prevalence of prehypertension and its association with levels of stress and anxiety among students of various disciplines in Chennai - A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(12): 1599-1604. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0928210092018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

S A, V S, S B, M G, Olickal JJ, Sujatha . Prevalence of prehypertension and its association with levels of stress and anxiety among students of various disciplines in Chennai - A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited December 13, 2018]; 8(12): 1599-1604. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0928210092018



Harvard Style

S, A., V, . S., S, . B., M, . G., Olickal, . J. J. & Sujatha, . (2018) Prevalence of prehypertension and its association with levels of stress and anxiety among students of various disciplines in Chennai - A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (12), 1599-1604. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0928210092018



Turabian Style

S, Abeetha, Sureka V, Brinda S, Ganesh M, Jeby Jose Olickal, and Sujatha. 2018. Prevalence of prehypertension and its association with levels of stress and anxiety among students of various disciplines in Chennai - A cross-sectional study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (12), 1599-1604. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0928210092018



Chicago Style

S, Abeetha, Sureka V, Brinda S, Ganesh M, Jeby Jose Olickal, and Sujatha. "Prevalence of prehypertension and its association with levels of stress and anxiety among students of various disciplines in Chennai - A cross-sectional study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 1599-1604. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0928210092018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

S, Abeetha, Sureka V, Brinda S, Ganesh M, Jeby Jose Olickal, and Sujatha. "Prevalence of prehypertension and its association with levels of stress and anxiety among students of various disciplines in Chennai - A cross-sectional study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.12 (2018), 1599-1604. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0928210092018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

S, A., V, . S., S, . B., M, . G., Olickal, . J. J. & Sujatha, . (2018) Prevalence of prehypertension and its association with levels of stress and anxiety among students of various disciplines in Chennai - A cross-sectional study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (12), 1599-1604. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0928210092018





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