E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Application of horizontal integration module within traditional teaching to enhance active learning of first year allied health science students

Minnie Faith, Silviya Rajakumari Jared, Dhayakani Selvakumar, Rashmi Vyas.

Abstract
Background: Allied health science (AHS) courses in India include degree, diploma, and certificate courses in various disciplines that support the practice of medicine to make the health-care team function efficiently as they provide assistance in the laboratory, technical, and other support services. Many of the AHS courses have basic medical sciences that are taught in a compartmentalized manner as traditional method. However, horizontal integration module is not included for AHS.

Aims and Objectives: The objective of this study was to analyze the performance of the 1st year AHS students to the application of horizontal integration as a small module within traditional teaching in physiology.

Materials and Methods: Thirty-three students underwent 12 lectures in physiology in the topic of “The Gastrointestinal Tract (GIT)” in a traditional teaching method of didactic lectures. The students then had an interactive 2-h horizontally integrated modular session on “Biochemical principles of diet-nutrition.” The interrelated topic from biochemistry and physiology was incorporated as horizontal integration. The students’ performance was assessed with a pre-test and post‑test, structured viva voce in diet-nutrition and a traditional viva voce in the traditionally taught GIT topic.

Results: The results showed that the post-test mark was higher than the pre-test mark; the performance of students who scored <60% termed as average and below-average students with 50%: Being cutoff for passing in health professions education in India improved in the structured viva voce in diet-nutrition when compared to traditional viva voce in GIT.

Conclusion: We conclude this integrated module demonstrated enhanced learning performance of students with high scores in post-test, the better performance in the structured viva voce showing improved understanding and learning ability.

Key words: Allied Health Science Courses; Preclinical Subjects; Horizontal Integration; Traditional Teaching; Enhanced Learning


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Faith M, Jared SR, Selvakumar D, Vyas R. Application of horizontal integration module within traditional teaching to enhance active learning of first year allied health science students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(2): 122-128. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035027112019


Web Style

Faith M, Jared SR, Selvakumar D, Vyas R. Application of horizontal integration module within traditional teaching to enhance active learning of first year allied health science students. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=69979 [Access: February 15, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035027112019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Faith M, Jared SR, Selvakumar D, Vyas R. Application of horizontal integration module within traditional teaching to enhance active learning of first year allied health science students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(2): 122-128. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035027112019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Faith M, Jared SR, Selvakumar D, Vyas R. Application of horizontal integration module within traditional teaching to enhance active learning of first year allied health science students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2020), [cited February 15, 2020]; 10(2): 122-128. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035027112019



Harvard Style

Faith, M., Jared, . S. R., Selvakumar, . D. & Vyas, . R. (2020) Application of horizontal integration module within traditional teaching to enhance active learning of first year allied health science students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 10 (2), 122-128. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035027112019



Turabian Style

Faith, Minnie, Silviya Rajakumari Jared, Dhayakani Selvakumar, and Rashmi Vyas. 2020. Application of horizontal integration module within traditional teaching to enhance active learning of first year allied health science students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (2), 122-128. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035027112019



Chicago Style

Faith, Minnie, Silviya Rajakumari Jared, Dhayakani Selvakumar, and Rashmi Vyas. "Application of horizontal integration module within traditional teaching to enhance active learning of first year allied health science students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10 (2020), 122-128. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035027112019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Faith, Minnie, Silviya Rajakumari Jared, Dhayakani Selvakumar, and Rashmi Vyas. "Application of horizontal integration module within traditional teaching to enhance active learning of first year allied health science students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10.2 (2020), 122-128. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035027112019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Faith, M., Jared, . S. R., Selvakumar, . D. & Vyas, . R. (2020) Application of horizontal integration module within traditional teaching to enhance active learning of first year allied health science students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (2), 122-128. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.1035027112019