E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Antimicrobial utilization pattern among pediatric inpatients of a tertiary care hospital in Central Gujarat

Nirav N Patel, Devanshu J Patel, Haresh A Desai.

Abstract
Background: Drug utilization studies may help to measure various aspects such as disease pattern, medicine use, and prescribing patterns.

Aim and Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the drug utilization pattern of antimicrobials prescribed to the pediatric inpatients at a tertiary care hospital.

Materials and Methods: The study was prospective and observational based involving 200 pediatric inpatients of Parul Sevashram Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat. Relevant information was obtained from the interview as well the hospital case record. Structured and pre-tested formats were prepared for compiling the data.

Results: The majority of the patients (43.5%) were in the age group between 2 and 12 years. The most common indications for antimicrobial use included gastrointestinal diseases (22%), respiratory diseases (17.5%), and genitourinary diseases (13.5%). Cephalosporins (65.5%) were most frequently prescribed antimicrobials followed by aminoglycosides (40%). 73.3% of antimicrobials were prescribed by branded names. The average number of antimicrobials prescribed per patient was 2.21. 93.4% of antimicrobials have been included in the World Health Organization Model List of Essential Medicines. A total of 13 adverse drug reactions were reported from prescribed antimicrobials.

Conclusions: Medicine utilization assessment can facilitate rational use of medicines in pediatric patients.

Key words: Pediatric Patients; Antimicrobial Utilization Pattern; Rational


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Nirav N Patel
Articles by Devanshu J Patel
Articles by Haresh A Desai
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 167
Downloaded: 69
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Patel NN, Patel DJ, Desai HA. Antimicrobial utilization pattern among pediatric inpatients of a tertiary care hospital in Central Gujarat. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(11): 1152-1155. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0933406102019


Web Style

Patel NN, Patel DJ, Desai HA. Antimicrobial utilization pattern among pediatric inpatients of a tertiary care hospital in Central Gujarat. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=67618 [Access: November 12, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0933406102019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Patel NN, Patel DJ, Desai HA. Antimicrobial utilization pattern among pediatric inpatients of a tertiary care hospital in Central Gujarat. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(11): 1152-1155. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0933406102019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Patel NN, Patel DJ, Desai HA. Antimicrobial utilization pattern among pediatric inpatients of a tertiary care hospital in Central Gujarat. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited November 12, 2019]; 9(11): 1152-1155. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0933406102019



Harvard Style

Patel, N. N., Patel, . D. J. & Desai, . H. A. (2019) Antimicrobial utilization pattern among pediatric inpatients of a tertiary care hospital in Central Gujarat. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (11), 1152-1155. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0933406102019



Turabian Style

Patel, Nirav N, Devanshu J Patel, and Haresh A Desai. 2019. Antimicrobial utilization pattern among pediatric inpatients of a tertiary care hospital in Central Gujarat. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (11), 1152-1155. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0933406102019



Chicago Style

Patel, Nirav N, Devanshu J Patel, and Haresh A Desai. "Antimicrobial utilization pattern among pediatric inpatients of a tertiary care hospital in Central Gujarat." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 1152-1155. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0933406102019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Patel, Nirav N, Devanshu J Patel, and Haresh A Desai. "Antimicrobial utilization pattern among pediatric inpatients of a tertiary care hospital in Central Gujarat." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.11 (2019), 1152-1155. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0933406102019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Patel, N. N., Patel, . D. J. & Desai, . H. A. (2019) Antimicrobial utilization pattern among pediatric inpatients of a tertiary care hospital in Central Gujarat. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (11), 1152-1155. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0933406102019





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Comparison of bleeding time and clotting time between males and females
    Ritu Adhana, Rajanish Chaurasiya, Anjali Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(10): 1388-1390
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2018.06201417062018

  • Effectiveness of “case-based learning” in physiology
    Amruta S Bennal, Manohar Y Pattar, Raju H Taklikar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(1): 65-67
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.1810201583

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Promoting active learning in respiratory physiology – Positive student perception and improved outcomes
    Richa Thaman, Sukhjinder Dhillon, Sanjeev Saggar, Meenakshi Gupta, Harkirat Kaur
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 27-34
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.27000
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Pattern of mobile phone usage and its effects on psychological health, sleep, and academic performance in students of a medical university
    Naveenta Gupta, Sonia Garg, Khushdeep Arora
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(2): 132-139
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0311201599
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players
    Kaninika Panda, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, HH Sudhakar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Hesperidin protects against diethylnitrosamine-induced nephrotoxicity through modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation
    Rasha R Ahmed, Ayman M Mahmoud, Mohamed B Ashour, Amira M Kamel
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 391-397
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2907201567
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]