E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Clinical evaluation of pulmonary functions among the non-smoking municipal street cleaners and healthy volunteers

Sudha D, Suvalakshmi V, Kannan N.

Abstract
Background: In developed countries, street cleaning is done with the help of mechanical assets and precautionary measures. Hence, it has been found to have a lesser incidence of respiratory diseases. However, in developing countries like India, 90% of street cleaning is done manually. The prolonged inhalations of foreign particles stimulate inflammatory reactions which lead to obstructive pulmonary diseases. Hence, it could be considered as one of the major occupational hazards in India.

Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the study were to measure the values of functional vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), FEV1/FVC, forced expiratory flow (FEF) 25–75%, and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) in municipal street cleaners and healthy volunteers and compare the clinical evaluation of respiratory functions of both the groups using the appropriate statistical tool.

Materials and Methods: In this study, 100 subjects were taken and they are divided into two groups: 50 individuals of street cleaners and 50 healthy volunteers. Clinical examination of the respiratory system of municipal street cleaners and healthy volunteers of the same locality and measures the values of FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, FEF 25–75%, and PEFR in both the groups. Statistical analyses were done using the unpaired t-test.

Results: The results of the pulmonary function test (FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, FEF 25–75%, and PEFR) showed that the values were significantly reduced in street cleaners when compared with the healthy volunteers. The values were statistically significant.

Conclusion: Constant exposure to the dust and other hazardous inhaling substances causes permanent damage to the lung tissue. The street cleaners should have proper protection while they work, which will reduce the damage to the lungs.

Key words: Street Cleaners; Pulmonary Function Test; Non-smokers


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

D S, V S, N K. Clinical evaluation of pulmonary functions among the non-smoking municipal street cleaners and healthy volunteers. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(1): 79-84. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0927518112019


Web Style

D S, V S, N K. Clinical evaluation of pulmonary functions among the non-smoking municipal street cleaners and healthy volunteers. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=66681 [Access: January 19, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0927518112019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

D S, V S, N K. Clinical evaluation of pulmonary functions among the non-smoking municipal street cleaners and healthy volunteers. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(1): 79-84. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0927518112019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

D S, V S, N K. Clinical evaluation of pulmonary functions among the non-smoking municipal street cleaners and healthy volunteers. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2020), [cited January 19, 2020]; 10(1): 79-84. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0927518112019



Harvard Style

D, S., V, . S. & N, . K. (2020) Clinical evaluation of pulmonary functions among the non-smoking municipal street cleaners and healthy volunteers. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 10 (1), 79-84. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0927518112019



Turabian Style

D, Sudha, Suvalakshmi V, and Kannan N. 2020. Clinical evaluation of pulmonary functions among the non-smoking municipal street cleaners and healthy volunteers. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (1), 79-84. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0927518112019



Chicago Style

D, Sudha, Suvalakshmi V, and Kannan N. "Clinical evaluation of pulmonary functions among the non-smoking municipal street cleaners and healthy volunteers." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10 (2020), 79-84. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0927518112019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

D, Sudha, Suvalakshmi V, and Kannan N. "Clinical evaluation of pulmonary functions among the non-smoking municipal street cleaners and healthy volunteers." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10.1 (2020), 79-84. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0927518112019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

D, S., V, . S. & N, . K. (2020) Clinical evaluation of pulmonary functions among the non-smoking municipal street cleaners and healthy volunteers. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (1), 79-84. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.0927518112019





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