E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


The effect of digital “time out” on psychophysiological parameters of medical students in Bengaluru

Nalini Vivek Mallya, Megha Jagadish, Dayananda G, Sunil Kumar D R.

Abstract
Background: Mobile phones with internet access have become a necessity in today’s world. An increasing number of students have been buying and using smartphones across developed and developing nations. With the growing popularity and affordability of these gadgets, there is a rising concern over the problematic usage of mobile phones, an entity which is catching up in today’s technology-driven society. Excessive dependence on digital media has started to reveal its burgeoning side effects on the psychophysiological milieu of the students.

Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the study were (1) to assess the perception levels of medical students about problematic internet usage, (2) to study the effect of problematic internet usage on depression, stress, and anxiety quotients, and (3). to study the effect of problematic internet usage on heart rate and blood pressure (BP) during digital time out.

Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study design was used to conduct the study among the students of a medical college. Semi-structured, pre-tested questionnaires were developed and administered to the study population after obtaining informed consent. The questionnaire consisted of socio-demographic details of the medical students, questions based on pattern of internet usage and perception of problematic usage. Chen’s Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS) and depression, anxiety, and stress scale 21 Scale were used to assess internet addiction (IA) and depression, anxiety, and stress levels, respectively. Physiological parameters such as heart rate and BP components were recorded with the fully automated digital BP monitors certified by European Hypertension Society. Data were tabulated using Microsoft Excel 2010 and SPSS software (Version 24). P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: The total prevalence rate of IA was 44%, out of which female students had higher scores (52%) compared to males (31%). About 85% were aware of the entity “problematic internet usage.” There was a significant correlation r (199) = 0.538 between IA and stress with P = 0.0001. A marginally significant correlation r (199) = 0.472 was found between IA and depression with P = 0.11. A positive trend was seen between IA and anxiety, r (199) = 0.443 but it was not significant (P = 0.73). There was no significant correlation between IA score and basal physiological variables such as heart rate and BP. However, during digital time out, there was a net 3.7% increase in heart rate which was statistically significant . 3.2% increase in systolic BP and 0.5% decrease in diastolic BP during digital time out, which were not statistically significant.

Conclusion: Mobile phones with internet, influence medical students’ lives in numerous ways. The difference in prevalence rates of IA is largely due to the different scales used for assessment. Significant psychological and physiological changes are associated with problematic internet usage. The medical curriculum should include “problematic internet usage” during the introductory year of the course so as to expose the students to this entity and improves their perception level regarding the problem. This study proposes early recognition and implementation of rehabilitation measures to prevent medical students from getting severely addicted to internet.

Key words: Digital Time Out; Internet; Psychophysiological Parameters; Medical Students


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Nalini Vivek Mallya
Articles by Megha Jagadish
Articles by Dayananda G
Articles by Sunil Kumar D R
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 361
Downloaded: 47
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mallya NV, Jagadish M, G D, R SKD. The effect of digital “time out” on psychophysiological parameters of medical students in Bengaluru. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(12): 1198-1204. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0932001102019


Web Style

Mallya NV, Jagadish M, G D, R SKD. The effect of digital “time out” on psychophysiological parameters of medical students in Bengaluru. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=66148 [Access: December 07, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0932001102019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mallya NV, Jagadish M, G D, R SKD. The effect of digital “time out” on psychophysiological parameters of medical students in Bengaluru. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(12): 1198-1204. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0932001102019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mallya NV, Jagadish M, G D, R SKD. The effect of digital “time out” on psychophysiological parameters of medical students in Bengaluru. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited December 07, 2019]; 9(12): 1198-1204. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0932001102019



Harvard Style

Mallya, N. V., Jagadish, . M., G, . D. & R, . S. K. D. (2019) The effect of digital “time out” on psychophysiological parameters of medical students in Bengaluru. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (12), 1198-1204. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0932001102019



Turabian Style

Mallya, Nalini Vivek, Megha Jagadish, Dayananda G, and Sunil Kumar D R. 2019. The effect of digital “time out” on psychophysiological parameters of medical students in Bengaluru. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (12), 1198-1204. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0932001102019



Chicago Style

Mallya, Nalini Vivek, Megha Jagadish, Dayananda G, and Sunil Kumar D R. "The effect of digital “time out” on psychophysiological parameters of medical students in Bengaluru." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 1198-1204. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0932001102019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mallya, Nalini Vivek, Megha Jagadish, Dayananda G, and Sunil Kumar D R. "The effect of digital “time out” on psychophysiological parameters of medical students in Bengaluru." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.12 (2019), 1198-1204. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0932001102019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mallya, N. V., Jagadish, . M., G, . D. & R, . S. K. D. (2019) The effect of digital “time out” on psychophysiological parameters of medical students in Bengaluru. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (12), 1198-1204. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0932001102019





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Evaluation of potential drug-drug interaction in indoor patients of pediatric department of tertiary care hospital
    Simran Patel, Mayur Chaudhari, Nrupal Patel
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(10): 1012-1016
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0725209072019

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Comparison of bleeding time and clotting time between males and females
    Ritu Adhana, Rajanish Chaurasiya, Anjali Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(10): 1388-1390
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2018.06201417062018

  • Effectiveness of “case-based learning” in physiology
    Amruta S Bennal, Manohar Y Pattar, Raju H Taklikar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(1): 65-67
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.1810201583

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Promoting active learning in respiratory physiology – Positive student perception and improved outcomes
    Richa Thaman, Sukhjinder Dhillon, Sanjeev Saggar, Meenakshi Gupta, Harkirat Kaur
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 27-34
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.27000
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Pattern of mobile phone usage and its effects on psychological health, sleep, and academic performance in students of a medical university
    Naveenta Gupta, Sonia Garg, Khushdeep Arora
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(2): 132-139
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0311201599
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players
    Kaninika Panda, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, HH Sudhakar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Hesperidin protects against diethylnitrosamine-induced nephrotoxicity through modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation
    Rasha R Ahmed, Ayman M Mahmoud, Mohamed B Ashour, Amira M Kamel
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 391-397
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2907201567
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]