E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Correlation between hemoglobin levels and visual memory among an older adult population in Chennai

Gopi Madhavan, Semmal Syed Meerasa, Vasugi Gramani Arumugam, Bugari A J, Subhashini A.

Abstract
Background: The older adults constitute a considerable part of the Indian population and due to advancements in the medical field, this population is fast growing. Low hemoglobin (Hb) level is a potential contributing factor for cognitive impairment in older adults.

Aim and Objective: The present study focuses on the correlation between Hb levels and visual memory among the older adult population in Chennai.

Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted in Sri Ramachandra Hospital outpatient department (OPD), Porur, Chennai. A total of 304 older subjects were included in this study. Older adults of both male and female were selected from the OPD based on the inclusion criteria age (5065 years) -matched subjects were selected. Visual memory assessment, which is a subtest from the Wechsler memory scale III, consists of four diagrams which will present to the subject for 10 s, and after the presentation, the subjects will be asked to draw the diagram from their memory for immediate visual memory score. After laps of 2030 min, the subjects will be again asked to draw the picture from their memory to obtain the delayed recall memory.

Results: The immediate visual memory in males is higher when compared with the females, this difference is statistically significant (t = 8.111 and P = 0.000). The delayed visual memory in males is higher when compared with the females, this difference is statistically significant. (t = 7.618 and P = 0.000). All the scores of the normal Hb group were higher than the low Hb group and the results were statistically significant (P = 0.000).

Conclusion: In this study, we were able to observe that lower Hb levels were associated with decreased cognitive functions in the domains of visual memory among the older adult population in Chennai.

Key words: Hemoglobin; Cognitive Function; Wechsler Memory Scale III


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Madhavan G, Meerasa SS, Arumugam VG, J BA, A S. Correlation between hemoglobin levels and visual memory among an older adult population in Chennai. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03063202001052020


Web Style

Madhavan G, Meerasa SS, Arumugam VG, J BA, A S. Correlation between hemoglobin levels and visual memory among an older adult population in Chennai. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=59031 [Access: May 10, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03063202001052020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Madhavan G, Meerasa SS, Arumugam VG, J BA, A S. Correlation between hemoglobin levels and visual memory among an older adult population in Chennai. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03063202001052020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Madhavan G, Meerasa SS, Arumugam VG, J BA, A S. Correlation between hemoglobin levels and visual memory among an older adult population in Chennai. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03063202001052020



Harvard Style

Madhavan, G., Meerasa, . S. S., Arumugam, . V. G., J, . B. A. & A, . S. (2020) Correlation between hemoglobin levels and visual memory among an older adult population in Chennai. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03063202001052020



Turabian Style

Madhavan, Gopi, Semmal Syed Meerasa, Vasugi Gramani Arumugam, Bugari A J, and Subhashini A. 2020. Correlation between hemoglobin levels and visual memory among an older adult population in Chennai. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03063202001052020



Chicago Style

Madhavan, Gopi, Semmal Syed Meerasa, Vasugi Gramani Arumugam, Bugari A J, and Subhashini A. "Correlation between hemoglobin levels and visual memory among an older adult population in Chennai." doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03063202001052020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Madhavan, Gopi, Semmal Syed Meerasa, Vasugi Gramani Arumugam, Bugari A J, and Subhashini A. "Correlation between hemoglobin levels and visual memory among an older adult population in Chennai." doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03063202001052020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Madhavan, G., Meerasa, . S. S., Arumugam, . V. G., J, . B. A. & A, . S. (2020) Correlation between hemoglobin levels and visual memory among an older adult population in Chennai. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.03063202001052020