E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Correlation of serum magnesium levels with blood pressure in normotensives and hypertensives

Rekha S, Jeyabanu Murugiah, Raajaseharan S R.

Abstract
Background: Among the non-communicable diseases, hypertension claims a number one risk factor for many diseases such as heart diseases and stroke. One of the main homeostatic functions of magnesium is the regulation of blood pressure (BP). Hence, it is necessary to study the level of magnesium in hypertensive people to know the relationship between serum magnesium and BP.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to estimate and compare the serum magnesium level in controls and hypertensives and to study the correlation of serum magnesium levels with controls and hypertensives.

Materials and Methods: The BP was recorded 2 times by auscultatory method, and the mean value was taken for analysis. Out of 75 subjects; 25 subjects with Stage 1 hypertension were grouped as Group A and 25 subjects with Stage 2 hypertension were grouped as Group B according to Joint National Committee Criteria and 25 subjects with normal BP act as controls (Group C). The serum magnesium was estimated in them using Calmagite method.

Results: In the age- and sex-adjusted groups, the intergroup comparison of serum magnesium was done using analysis of variance and P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Pearsonís correlation was done to study the correlation between serum magnesium and BP.

Conclusion: Because the present study clearly shows that low serum magnesium is associated with high BP, measures should be taken to enrich our diet with magnesium. Apart from diet, magnesium supplementation can also be given for the reduction of BP.

Key words: Magnesium; Hypertension; Joint National Committee Criteria; Diet


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

S R, Murugiah J, R RS. Correlation of serum magnesium levels with blood pressure in normotensives and hypertensives. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(10): 1017-1020. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0725624072019


Web Style

S R, Murugiah J, R RS. Correlation of serum magnesium levels with blood pressure in normotensives and hypertensives. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=56462 [Access: February 15, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0725624072019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

S R, Murugiah J, R RS. Correlation of serum magnesium levels with blood pressure in normotensives and hypertensives. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(10): 1017-1020. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0725624072019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

S R, Murugiah J, R RS. Correlation of serum magnesium levels with blood pressure in normotensives and hypertensives. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited February 15, 2020]; 9(10): 1017-1020. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0725624072019



Harvard Style

S, R., Murugiah, . J. & R, . R. S. (2019) Correlation of serum magnesium levels with blood pressure in normotensives and hypertensives. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (10), 1017-1020. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0725624072019



Turabian Style

S, Rekha, Jeyabanu Murugiah, and Raajaseharan S R. 2019. Correlation of serum magnesium levels with blood pressure in normotensives and hypertensives. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (10), 1017-1020. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0725624072019



Chicago Style

S, Rekha, Jeyabanu Murugiah, and Raajaseharan S R. "Correlation of serum magnesium levels with blood pressure in normotensives and hypertensives." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 1017-1020. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0725624072019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

S, Rekha, Jeyabanu Murugiah, and Raajaseharan S R. "Correlation of serum magnesium levels with blood pressure in normotensives and hypertensives." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.10 (2019), 1017-1020. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0725624072019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

S, R., Murugiah, . J. & R, . R. S. (2019) Correlation of serum magnesium levels with blood pressure in normotensives and hypertensives. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (10), 1017-1020. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0725624072019





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