E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults

John A. Lyngdoh, Happy Chutia, Donboklang Lynser, Alice Abraham Ruram, Rituparna Barooah.

Abstract
Background: Animal physiology and behavior have indicated to be strongly influenced by change in seasons. In a similar way, the human body is also found to be sensitive to environmental changes like changes of seasons. Variation in conception, birth rate, immune responses, metabolism, and body composition has been shown to follow a seasonal pattern.

Aims and Objectives: Hence, the aim of the study is to determine if there is a seasonal variation of body fat percentage (BF%), basal metabolic rate (BMR), and serum lipids in healthy sedentary urban adults in two seasons, toward the end of summer and toward the end of winter.

Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study observing seasonal variation of BF%, BMR, and serum lipids in 30 healthy sedentary urban adults consisting of 23 males and seven females age 20–60 years. Anthropometric data such as age, sex, weight, height, waist circumference, and hip circumference were taken and measured. Venous blood was collected for estimating fasting value of serum lipids. BF% was assessed by dualenergy X-ray absorptiometry scan. BMR was calculated from height, weight, and age using Harris–Benedict equation.

Results: Significant seasonal variation of BF%, BMR, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is seen in the overall participants. Significant seasonal variation of BF% and LDL is seen in the obese category of participants.

Conclusion: There is seasonal variation of BF%, BMR, and serum lipids between the end of summer and end of winter. There is also a positive correlation between body mass index (BMI) and BF%, BMR, and LDL and HDL. There is also a positive correlation between BF% and BMI, BMR, HDL, and LDL.

Key words: Basal Metabolic Rate; Body Fat Percentage; Seasonal Variation; Serum Lipids


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by John A. Lyngdoh
Articles by Happy Chutia
Articles by Donboklang Lynser
Articles by Alice Abraham Ruram
Articles by Rituparna Barooah
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 470
Downloaded: 73
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Lyngdoh JA, Chutia H, Lynser D, Ruram AA, Barooah R. Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(9): 920-925. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019


Web Style

Lyngdoh JA, Chutia H, Lynser D, Ruram AA, Barooah R. Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=55310 [Access: September 20, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Lyngdoh JA, Chutia H, Lynser D, Ruram AA, Barooah R. Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(9): 920-925. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Lyngdoh JA, Chutia H, Lynser D, Ruram AA, Barooah R. Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited September 20, 2019]; 9(9): 920-925. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019



Harvard Style

Lyngdoh, J. A., Chutia, . H., Lynser, . D., Ruram, . A. A. & Barooah, . R. (2019) Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (9), 920-925. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019



Turabian Style

Lyngdoh, John A., Happy Chutia, Donboklang Lynser, Alice Abraham Ruram, and Rituparna Barooah. 2019. Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (9), 920-925. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019



Chicago Style

Lyngdoh, John A., Happy Chutia, Donboklang Lynser, Alice Abraham Ruram, and Rituparna Barooah. "Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 920-925. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Lyngdoh, John A., Happy Chutia, Donboklang Lynser, Alice Abraham Ruram, and Rituparna Barooah. "Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.9 (2019), 920-925. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Lyngdoh, J. A., Chutia, . H., Lynser, . D., Ruram, . A. A. & Barooah, . R. (2019) Seasonal variation of body fat percentage, basal metabolic rate, and serum lipid in healthy sedentary urban adults. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (9), 920-925. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0724310072019





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Effectiveness of “case-based learning” in physiology
    Amruta S Bennal, Manohar Y Pattar, Raju H Taklikar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(1): 65-67
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.1810201583

  • Comparison of bleeding time and clotting time between males and females
    Ritu Adhana, Rajanish Chaurasiya, Anjali Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(10): 1388-1390
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2018.06201417062018

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Promoting active learning in respiratory physiology – Positive student perception and improved outcomes
    Richa Thaman, Sukhjinder Dhillon, Sanjeev Saggar, Meenakshi Gupta, Harkirat Kaur
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 27-34
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.27000
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players
    Kaninika Panda, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, HH Sudhakar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Hesperidin protects against diethylnitrosamine-induced nephrotoxicity through modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation
    Rasha R Ahmed, Ayman M Mahmoud, Mohamed B Ashour, Amira M Kamel
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 391-397
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2907201567
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]