E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of acute respiratory infection in children less than 2 years in rural and urban population in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Divya Krishnan, Abirami Omprakash, Padmavathi Ramaswamy, Thangavel G, Sankar S, Kalpana Balakrishnan.

Abstract
Background: Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is the chief cause of mortality and morbidity among under-fives in Indian children and more common in below 2 years of age. Globally, the mortality percentage for ARI is higher in less developed countries like India than in developed countries.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of ARI in children <2 years in areas in and around Chennai.

Materials and Methods: A population-based, epidemiological study was conducted among 310 households in urban and rural areas in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu. A detailed health questionnaire was employed among children in 310 households to assess the prevalence of ARI. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate the percentage of ARI.

Results: Overall prevalence of ARI is 59%. The prevalence of acute upper respiratory infection in the study population – 51.6% and acute lower respiratory infections is 7.4%. The prevalence of ARI was associated with risk factors such as rural locality (60%), age (7–12 months – 73%), male gender (62%), low socioeconomic status (64%), poor environmental sanitation (61%), and having family members infected (66%).

Conclusion: This study had highlighted the burden of ARI in areas around Chennai and the need for control programs for the prevention of ARI in the community.

Key words: Acute Respiratory Infection; Children Under 2 Years; Prevalence; Risk Factors


 
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Pubmed Style

Krishnan D, Omprakash A, Ramaswamy P, G T, S S, Balakrishnan K. Prevalence of acute respiratory infection in children less than 2 years in rural and urban population in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(8): 804-808. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0622121062019


Web Style

Krishnan D, Omprakash A, Ramaswamy P, G T, S S, Balakrishnan K. Prevalence of acute respiratory infection in children less than 2 years in rural and urban population in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=53327 [Access: December 07, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0622121062019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Krishnan D, Omprakash A, Ramaswamy P, G T, S S, Balakrishnan K. Prevalence of acute respiratory infection in children less than 2 years in rural and urban population in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(8): 804-808. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0622121062019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Krishnan D, Omprakash A, Ramaswamy P, G T, S S, Balakrishnan K. Prevalence of acute respiratory infection in children less than 2 years in rural and urban population in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited December 07, 2019]; 9(8): 804-808. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0622121062019



Harvard Style

Krishnan, D., Omprakash, . A., Ramaswamy, . P., G, . T., S, . S. & Balakrishnan, . K. (2019) Prevalence of acute respiratory infection in children less than 2 years in rural and urban population in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (8), 804-808. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0622121062019



Turabian Style

Krishnan, Divya, Abirami Omprakash, Padmavathi Ramaswamy, Thangavel G, Sankar S, and Kalpana Balakrishnan. 2019. Prevalence of acute respiratory infection in children less than 2 years in rural and urban population in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (8), 804-808. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0622121062019



Chicago Style

Krishnan, Divya, Abirami Omprakash, Padmavathi Ramaswamy, Thangavel G, Sankar S, and Kalpana Balakrishnan. "Prevalence of acute respiratory infection in children less than 2 years in rural and urban population in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 804-808. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0622121062019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Krishnan, Divya, Abirami Omprakash, Padmavathi Ramaswamy, Thangavel G, Sankar S, and Kalpana Balakrishnan. "Prevalence of acute respiratory infection in children less than 2 years in rural and urban population in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.8 (2019), 804-808. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0622121062019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Krishnan, D., Omprakash, . A., Ramaswamy, . P., G, . T., S, . S. & Balakrishnan, . K. (2019) Prevalence of acute respiratory infection in children less than 2 years in rural and urban population in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (8), 804-808. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0622121062019





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