E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Review Article 


Self-medication: Is a serious challenge to control antibiotic resistance?

Tittu Pulikkottil Sunny, Rosmin Jacob, Krishnakumar K, Sachin Varghese.

Abstract
According to the WHO, “Self-medication is an element of self-care based on selection and use of medicines by individuals to treat self-recognized illnesses or symptoms.” Antibiotics are necessary drugs in developing countries where most of the death due to infectious diseases. Growth of pathogen resistance in human to antibacterial drugs mainly due to the antibiotic self-medication and is a major reason for the transmission of antibiotic drug resistance. Self-medication with antibiotics can lead to irrational drug use, which exposes patients to drug interactions, development of drug resistance, and difficulties in diagnosing different diseases. Inadequate dose, less duration of treatment, and the often regarded as the irrational drug use practices in self-medication practice. Therefore, standard guidelines for the antibiotic use should be framed to reduce the human pathogen resistance along with proper educational programs in the community level to improve the knowledge of the patients about the adverse effects and consequences of self-medication practice. The review mainly focused to discuss the prevalence, commonly treated illnesses, source of antibiotic choice, antibiotic usage, causes of self-medication, consequences, the influence of resistance on economy and health of public, and different challenges. This paper also discusses the current scenario of antibiotic resistance and newer antibiotic development.

Key words: Antibiotic Resistance; Self-Medication; Prevalence; Infectious Disease


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sunny TP, Jacob R, K K, Varghese S. Self-medication: Is a serious challenge to control antibiotic resistance?. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(9): 821-827. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620508062019


Web Style

Sunny TP, Jacob R, K K, Varghese S. Self-medication: Is a serious challenge to control antibiotic resistance?. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=51646 [Access: September 20, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620508062019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sunny TP, Jacob R, K K, Varghese S. Self-medication: Is a serious challenge to control antibiotic resistance?. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(9): 821-827. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620508062019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sunny TP, Jacob R, K K, Varghese S. Self-medication: Is a serious challenge to control antibiotic resistance?. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited September 20, 2019]; 9(9): 821-827. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620508062019



Harvard Style

Sunny, T. P., Jacob, . R., K, . K. & Varghese, . S. (2019) Self-medication: Is a serious challenge to control antibiotic resistance?. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (9), 821-827. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620508062019



Turabian Style

Sunny, Tittu Pulikkottil, Rosmin Jacob, Krishnakumar K, and Sachin Varghese. 2019. Self-medication: Is a serious challenge to control antibiotic resistance?. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (9), 821-827. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620508062019



Chicago Style

Sunny, Tittu Pulikkottil, Rosmin Jacob, Krishnakumar K, and Sachin Varghese. "Self-medication: Is a serious challenge to control antibiotic resistance?." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 821-827. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620508062019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sunny, Tittu Pulikkottil, Rosmin Jacob, Krishnakumar K, and Sachin Varghese. "Self-medication: Is a serious challenge to control antibiotic resistance?." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.9 (2019), 821-827. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620508062019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sunny, T. P., Jacob, . R., K, . K. & Varghese, . S. (2019) Self-medication: Is a serious challenge to control antibiotic resistance?. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (9), 821-827. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0620508062019





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