E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Prescription analysis based on the World Health Organization core prescribing indicators in pediatric population having respiratory tract infections

Shalini Chandra, Kumar Mayank, Iram Shaifali, Rahul Ranjan.

Abstract
Background: Data regarding local drug prescribing are scarce, especially in pediatric population. Evaluation of prescriptions will be helpful in promoting rational prescribing, minimizing adverse effects and should also provide cost-effective care.

Aims and Objectives: The objectives of this study were as follows: (i) To analyze the prescriptions based on the World Health Organization (WHO) core prescribing indicators and (ii) to suggest modifications, if necessary in prescribing patterns.

Materials and Methods: A prospective and observational study was conducted for a period of 1 year after obtaining institutional ethical committee approval. A total of 210 prescriptions of children aged 0–18 years were analyzed according to the WHO prescribing indicators.

Results: Average number of drugs prescribed per prescription was 1.89 and average number of antibiotics prescribed per prescription was 0.70. About 23.80% of drugs were prescribed by generic name. About 18.09% of drugs were given through injectable route. All drugs (100%) were prescribed from the National List of Essential Medicines, 2015. About 87.89% of children received monotherapy (single antibiotic), whereas polytherapy (more than one antibiotic) was prescribed only in 12.11% of the prescriptions analyzed.

Conclusion: This study indicates that prescriptions in pediatric population having respiratory tract infections were found to be in accordance with the WHO indicators. However, there is under usage of generic drugs.

Key words: Prescription Analysis; World Health Organization Core Prescribing Indicators; Respiratory Tract Infections; Pediatric


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Chandra S, Mayank K, Shaifali I, Ranjan R. Prescription analysis based on the World Health Organization core prescribing indicators in pediatric population having respiratory tract infections. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(8): 784-787. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0520003062019


Web Style

Chandra S, Mayank K, Shaifali I, Ranjan R. Prescription analysis based on the World Health Organization core prescribing indicators in pediatric population having respiratory tract infections. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=51132 [Access: February 15, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0520003062019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Chandra S, Mayank K, Shaifali I, Ranjan R. Prescription analysis based on the World Health Organization core prescribing indicators in pediatric population having respiratory tract infections. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(8): 784-787. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0520003062019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Chandra S, Mayank K, Shaifali I, Ranjan R. Prescription analysis based on the World Health Organization core prescribing indicators in pediatric population having respiratory tract infections. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited February 15, 2020]; 9(8): 784-787. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0520003062019



Harvard Style

Chandra, S., Mayank, . K., Shaifali, . I. & Ranjan, . R. (2019) Prescription analysis based on the World Health Organization core prescribing indicators in pediatric population having respiratory tract infections. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (8), 784-787. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0520003062019



Turabian Style

Chandra, Shalini, Kumar Mayank, Iram Shaifali, and Rahul Ranjan. 2019. Prescription analysis based on the World Health Organization core prescribing indicators in pediatric population having respiratory tract infections. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (8), 784-787. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0520003062019



Chicago Style

Chandra, Shalini, Kumar Mayank, Iram Shaifali, and Rahul Ranjan. "Prescription analysis based on the World Health Organization core prescribing indicators in pediatric population having respiratory tract infections." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 784-787. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0520003062019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Chandra, Shalini, Kumar Mayank, Iram Shaifali, and Rahul Ranjan. "Prescription analysis based on the World Health Organization core prescribing indicators in pediatric population having respiratory tract infections." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.8 (2019), 784-787. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0520003062019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Chandra, S., Mayank, . K., Shaifali, . I. & Ranjan, . R. (2019) Prescription analysis based on the World Health Organization core prescribing indicators in pediatric population having respiratory tract infections. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (8), 784-787. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0520003062019





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