E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Compliance of antimicrobial drug therapy in patients with dental periapical abscess

Vinay V Rao, Nitya Jhaveri, Kathan Nayak, Thati Jyotsnanjali, Parth Khamar, Hitesh Vadera, Anjali Kothari, Sneha vyas Rao, Vandita A Shah, Amit M Shah.

Abstract
Background: Dentist use of antimicrobial agents is characterized by a number of particularities. In effect, antibiotic prescription is empirical. Non-compliance to the prescribed medication can lead to the failure of the treatment. It should be noted that treatment failure can also result from several factors, but non-compliance can be considered the most critical factor.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the compliance with the full course of antibiotics as prescribed by a health-care provider to treat periapical abscess.

Materials and Methods: A prospective, observational study was conducted to examine the prevalence of drug non-compliance. A total of 30 patients of any gender and age more than 16 years who attended outpatient department. Baseline information related to personal details, disease and drug therapy were recorded using a structured case record form. Compliance to therapy was evaluated by pill count adherence ratio (PCAR).

Results: Most of the patients (73.33%) were compliant to antibiotic therapy. Males were more non-compliant antibiotic therapy as compared to females. Maximum patients (13.33%) with non-compliance to antibiotic therapy belong to the age group of 35–56 years. Patients with school level of education or below have maximum number of patients with non-compliance. Disappearance of symptoms and fear of side- effects of antibiotics are the commonest reasons for non-compliance. Mean value of PCAR was 0.89 ± 0.23.

Conclusion: The result of our study shows that around 70% of patients were complying with the full course of antibiotics as prescribed. Therefore, health workers should make more effort to enhance the proper use of antibiotics in our population.

Key words: Compliance; Medical Adherence; Dental Practice; Periapical Abscess; Antimicrobials


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rao VV, Jhaveri N, Nayak K, Jyotsnanjali T, Khamar P, Vadera H, Kothari A, Rao Sv, Shah VA, Shah AM. Compliance of antimicrobial drug therapy in patients with dental periapical abscess. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(7): 668-673. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0518418052019


Web Style

Rao VV, Jhaveri N, Nayak K, Jyotsnanjali T, Khamar P, Vadera H, Kothari A, Rao Sv, Shah VA, Shah AM. Compliance of antimicrobial drug therapy in patients with dental periapical abscess. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=49267 [Access: July 22, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0518418052019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rao VV, Jhaveri N, Nayak K, Jyotsnanjali T, Khamar P, Vadera H, Kothari A, Rao Sv, Shah VA, Shah AM. Compliance of antimicrobial drug therapy in patients with dental periapical abscess. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(7): 668-673. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0518418052019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rao VV, Jhaveri N, Nayak K, Jyotsnanjali T, Khamar P, Vadera H, Kothari A, Rao Sv, Shah VA, Shah AM. Compliance of antimicrobial drug therapy in patients with dental periapical abscess. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited July 22, 2019]; 9(7): 668-673. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0518418052019



Harvard Style

Rao, V. V., Jhaveri, . N., Nayak, . K., Jyotsnanjali, . T., Khamar, . P., Vadera, . H., Kothari, . A., Rao, . S. v., Shah, . V. A. & Shah, . A. M. (2019) Compliance of antimicrobial drug therapy in patients with dental periapical abscess. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (7), 668-673. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0518418052019



Turabian Style

Rao, Vinay V, Nitya Jhaveri, Kathan Nayak, Thati Jyotsnanjali, Parth Khamar, Hitesh Vadera, Anjali Kothari, Sneha vyas Rao, Vandita A Shah, and Amit M Shah. 2019. Compliance of antimicrobial drug therapy in patients with dental periapical abscess. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (7), 668-673. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0518418052019



Chicago Style

Rao, Vinay V, Nitya Jhaveri, Kathan Nayak, Thati Jyotsnanjali, Parth Khamar, Hitesh Vadera, Anjali Kothari, Sneha vyas Rao, Vandita A Shah, and Amit M Shah. "Compliance of antimicrobial drug therapy in patients with dental periapical abscess." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 668-673. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0518418052019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rao, Vinay V, Nitya Jhaveri, Kathan Nayak, Thati Jyotsnanjali, Parth Khamar, Hitesh Vadera, Anjali Kothari, Sneha vyas Rao, Vandita A Shah, and Amit M Shah. "Compliance of antimicrobial drug therapy in patients with dental periapical abscess." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.7 (2019), 668-673. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0518418052019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rao, V. V., Jhaveri, . N., Nayak, . K., Jyotsnanjali, . T., Khamar, . P., Vadera, . H., Kothari, . A., Rao, . S. v., Shah, . V. A. & Shah, . A. M. (2019) Compliance of antimicrobial drug therapy in patients with dental periapical abscess. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (7), 668-673. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0518418052019





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