E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Drug utilization and prescription pattern study in medicine intensive care unit at tertiary care teaching hospital

Ujwala P Gawali, Rasika S Khobragade.

Abstract
Background: Drug utilization evaluation performs a key role in the managing health-care system to evaluate, understand, interpret, and improve the prescribing, administration, and use of medications.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study is to evaluate and compare the drug prescribing trends in the intensive care unit (ICU) and correlate them with the disease patterns and patients outcome.

Materials and Methods: The case records of 150 patients admitted to the ICU at Shri. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Sarvopchar Rugnalaya, a teaching hospital in Solapur, during 1-year period from June 1, 2017, to May 31, 2018, were analyzed. The variables collected were demographic and clinical characteristics. We also considered the duration of hospitalization, indications, and utilization of different drugs. The total number of drugs, dose, route, sensitivity pattern, and cost was collected from patients’ case paper.

Results: Among 150 evaluated patients, the average age was 45 ± 17 years. The average length of stay at ICU was 4 to 10 days. The average number of drugs per prescription was 5 to 10. The parenteral route (61%) followed by the enteral route (27%) was common route used. Antimicrobial drugs and gastrointestinal drugs were the most commonly prescribed class of drugs, i.e., (30%) and (21%), respectively. The 1235 generic and 174 branded drugs were prescribed. The fixed drug combinations were 427 while single drug utilization was 715 in number.

Conclusion: Antimicrobials are the most commonly used drugs. There is a need of antimicrobial agents’ usage guidelines and restriction policies for the rational prescribing of antimicrobials.

Key words: Drug Use Evaluation; Antimicrobial Agents; Intensive Care Unit; RICU; Generic Drug; Branded Drug


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Ujwala P Gawali
Articles by Rasika S Khobragade
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 645
Downloaded: 42
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Gawali UP, Khobragade RS. Drug utilization and prescription pattern study in medicine intensive care unit at tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(7): 674-677. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516822052019


Web Style

Gawali UP, Khobragade RS. Drug utilization and prescription pattern study in medicine intensive care unit at tertiary care teaching hospital. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=46080 [Access: October 18, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516822052019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Gawali UP, Khobragade RS. Drug utilization and prescription pattern study in medicine intensive care unit at tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(7): 674-677. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516822052019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Gawali UP, Khobragade RS. Drug utilization and prescription pattern study in medicine intensive care unit at tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited October 18, 2019]; 9(7): 674-677. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516822052019



Harvard Style

Gawali, U. P. & Khobragade, . R. S. (2019) Drug utilization and prescription pattern study in medicine intensive care unit at tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (7), 674-677. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516822052019



Turabian Style

Gawali, Ujwala P, and Rasika S Khobragade. 2019. Drug utilization and prescription pattern study in medicine intensive care unit at tertiary care teaching hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (7), 674-677. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516822052019



Chicago Style

Gawali, Ujwala P, and Rasika S Khobragade. "Drug utilization and prescription pattern study in medicine intensive care unit at tertiary care teaching hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 674-677. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516822052019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Gawali, Ujwala P, and Rasika S Khobragade. "Drug utilization and prescription pattern study in medicine intensive care unit at tertiary care teaching hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.7 (2019), 674-677. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516822052019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Gawali, U. P. & Khobragade, . R. S. (2019) Drug utilization and prescription pattern study in medicine intensive care unit at tertiary care teaching hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (7), 674-677. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0516822052019





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Comparison of bleeding time and clotting time between males and females
    Ritu Adhana, Rajanish Chaurasiya, Anjali Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(10): 1388-1390
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2018.06201417062018

  • Effectiveness of “case-based learning” in physiology
    Amruta S Bennal, Manohar Y Pattar, Raju H Taklikar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(1): 65-67
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.1810201583

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Promoting active learning in respiratory physiology – Positive student perception and improved outcomes
    Richa Thaman, Sukhjinder Dhillon, Sanjeev Saggar, Meenakshi Gupta, Harkirat Kaur
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 27-34
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.27000
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Pattern of mobile phone usage and its effects on psychological health, sleep, and academic performance in students of a medical university
    Naveenta Gupta, Sonia Garg, Khushdeep Arora
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(2): 132-139
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0311201599
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players
    Kaninika Panda, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, HH Sudhakar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Hesperidin protects against diethylnitrosamine-induced nephrotoxicity through modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation
    Rasha R Ahmed, Ayman M Mahmoud, Mohamed B Ashour, Amira M Kamel
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 391-397
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2907201567
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]