E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effect of cigarette smoking on cognitive performance in young adult smokers

Pushpa K, Kanchana R.

Abstract
Background: Cigarette smoking represents a considerable public health burden globally. Smoking in older adults is associated with cognitive impairment and more rapid age-associated cognitive decline, but there is a paucity of studies in younger people. Hence, the study was undertaken to know the effect of cigarette smoke on cognitive functions in young healthy adults.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess and to compare the cognitive performance in young adult smokers and non-smokers.

Materials and Methods: Study was conducted between 30 male smokers (study group) and age, body mass index and education level matched (18–30 years) 30 male non-smokers (control group) based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Subjects of both groups answered a self-reported questionnaire about smoking and personal history. Cognitive tests were done for both the groups, scores tabulated and analyzed.

Results: Study group showed a significant reduction in psychomotor speed (P < 0.001) and sustained attention (P < 0.001) but no significant changes in executive functions as compared to subjects in the control group.

Conclusion: Prevention of early cognitive decline in smokers has to be the top priority so as to reduce the public health burden. Awareness has to be created among smokers about the neurotoxic effects of cigarette smoke and increased risk of cognitive impairment.

Key words: Cognition; Cognitive Impairment; Neurotoxic Effects; Smoking


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

K P, R K, . Effect of cigarette smoking on cognitive performance in young adult smokers. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(6): 562-565. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413908052019


Web Style

K P, R K, . Effect of cigarette smoking on cognitive performance in young adult smokers. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=43157 [Access: February 15, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413908052019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

K P, R K, . Effect of cigarette smoking on cognitive performance in young adult smokers. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(6): 562-565. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413908052019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

K P, R K, . Effect of cigarette smoking on cognitive performance in young adult smokers. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited February 15, 2020]; 9(6): 562-565. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413908052019



Harvard Style

K, P., R, K. & (2019) Effect of cigarette smoking on cognitive performance in young adult smokers. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (6), 562-565. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413908052019



Turabian Style

K, Pushpa, Kanchana R, and . 2019. Effect of cigarette smoking on cognitive performance in young adult smokers. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (6), 562-565. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413908052019



Chicago Style

K, Pushpa, Kanchana R, and . "Effect of cigarette smoking on cognitive performance in young adult smokers." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 562-565. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413908052019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

K, Pushpa, Kanchana R, and . "Effect of cigarette smoking on cognitive performance in young adult smokers." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.6 (2019), 562-565. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413908052019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

K, P., R, K. & (2019) Effect of cigarette smoking on cognitive performance in young adult smokers. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (6), 562-565. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413908052019





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