E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Learning style preference-based lecture: A novel large group teaching method in medical education

Siddharth Banode, Pratik Akhani.

Abstract
Background: There are four primary types of learners: Visual, auditory, reading/writing, and kinesthetic (VARK). However, a traditional didactic lecture (TDL) used in medical education does not take into account these learning style preferences (LSPs). Many a times faculty may use a teaching method which does not correspond to the preferred learning style of the majority of the students in the class and hence, students with a particular learning need may be at the losing end.

Aims and Objectives: This study was planned to develop and evaluate a learning style preference based lecture (LBL) as a large group teaching method. Objectives were to compare students’ performance after TDL and LBL and to know their perception about an LBL.

Materials and Methods: A total of 149 1st-year medical students were participated in this study. Their LSPs were determined by the VARK questionnaire. Then, students were divided into two groups (75 each) based on their marks in the first mid-term exam by systematic random sampling. One group was taught a core topic from physiology by an LBL and the other group by a TDL. Students’ performance was assessed by pre- and post-test and their perception by a pre-validated questionnaire.

Results: Students’ performance significantly improved after an LBL as compared to the TDL. Majority of the students found LBL interesting, engaging, motivating, and better for understanding, and preferred LBL as teaching method over TDL.

Conclusion: LBL is more effective and well-accepted teaching method than a TDL for large group teaching in medical education.

Key words: Learning; Medical Education; Visual, Auditory, Reading/Writing, and Kinesthetic; Physiology; Students; Faculty; Teaching


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Siddharth Banode
Articles by Pratik Akhani
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 750
Downloaded: 56
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Banode S, Akhani P. Learning style preference-based lecture: A novel large group teaching method in medical education. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(7): 600-603. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413313042019


Web Style

Banode S, Akhani P. Learning style preference-based lecture: A novel large group teaching method in medical education. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=42290 [Access: October 18, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413313042019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Banode S, Akhani P. Learning style preference-based lecture: A novel large group teaching method in medical education. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(7): 600-603. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413313042019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Banode S, Akhani P. Learning style preference-based lecture: A novel large group teaching method in medical education. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited October 18, 2019]; 9(7): 600-603. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413313042019



Harvard Style

Banode, S. & Akhani, . P. (2019) Learning style preference-based lecture: A novel large group teaching method in medical education. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (7), 600-603. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413313042019



Turabian Style

Banode, Siddharth, and Pratik Akhani. 2019. Learning style preference-based lecture: A novel large group teaching method in medical education. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (7), 600-603. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413313042019



Chicago Style

Banode, Siddharth, and Pratik Akhani. "Learning style preference-based lecture: A novel large group teaching method in medical education." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 600-603. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413313042019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Banode, Siddharth, and Pratik Akhani. "Learning style preference-based lecture: A novel large group teaching method in medical education." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.7 (2019), 600-603. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413313042019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Banode, S. & Akhani, . P. (2019) Learning style preference-based lecture: A novel large group teaching method in medical education. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (7), 600-603. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0413313042019





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Comparison of bleeding time and clotting time between males and females
    Ritu Adhana, Rajanish Chaurasiya, Anjali Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(10): 1388-1390
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2018.06201417062018

  • Effectiveness of “case-based learning” in physiology
    Amruta S Bennal, Manohar Y Pattar, Raju H Taklikar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(1): 65-67
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.1810201583

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Promoting active learning in respiratory physiology – Positive student perception and improved outcomes
    Richa Thaman, Sukhjinder Dhillon, Sanjeev Saggar, Meenakshi Gupta, Harkirat Kaur
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 27-34
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.27000
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Pattern of mobile phone usage and its effects on psychological health, sleep, and academic performance in students of a medical university
    Naveenta Gupta, Sonia Garg, Khushdeep Arora
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(2): 132-139
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2016.6.0311201599
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players
    Kaninika Panda, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, HH Sudhakar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Hesperidin protects against diethylnitrosamine-induced nephrotoxicity through modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation
    Rasha R Ahmed, Ayman M Mahmoud, Mohamed B Ashour, Amira M Kamel
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 391-397
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2907201567
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]