E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Does music have any effect on visual reaction time in young males? A comparative study

Muskaan Nagpal, Rajshree Rajulkumar Gupta.

Abstract
Background: Reaction time (RT) is the time interval between the application of a stimulus and the appearance of appropriate voluntary response. It can be used to assess the efficacy to respond to any stimulus in daily life, for example, traffic signal.

Aims and Objectives: This study aims to determine the effect of soft and hard rock music; at low and high volumes on visual RT (VRT) in young adult males.

Materials and Methods: The study included 52 undergraduate medical students aged between 18 and 25 years; body mass index between 18.5 and 25 kg/m2. Instrumental soft and hard rock music was delivered through speakers at low volume (60 dB) and high volume (80 dB), gauged by sound level meter. VRT was recorded using digital RT apparatus. A baseline VRT for red, green, and yellow colors without any background music was recorded. The mean of three recordings for each color stimulus was considered. Soft music was played first at low volume followed by high volume for 2 min each. After a gap of 5 min, the procedure was repeated using hard rock. The stimuli were provided randomly. Post-exposure VRT was recorded after each session. Paired t-test was employed to compare the difference in mean of each session with mean baseline VRT.

Results: Statistically significant faster RT was observed for green color with soft music at high volume (P < 0.02) while it was slower for yellow color post-exposure to hard rock music (P < 0.0004).

Conclusion: The varied pattern of result may indicate differing choice of music which may have affected his alertness.

Key words: Reaction Time; Visual Reaction Time; Hard Rock Music; Soft Music; High Volume; Low Volume


 
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Pubmed Style

Nagpal M, Gupta RR. Does music have any effect on visual reaction time in young males? A comparative study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(10): 1005-1008. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0311222072019


Web Style

Nagpal M, Gupta RR. Does music have any effect on visual reaction time in young males? A comparative study. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=39102 [Access: October 18, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0311222072019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nagpal M, Gupta RR. Does music have any effect on visual reaction time in young males? A comparative study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(10): 1005-1008. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0311222072019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nagpal M, Gupta RR. Does music have any effect on visual reaction time in young males? A comparative study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited October 18, 2019]; 9(10): 1005-1008. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0311222072019



Harvard Style

Nagpal, M. & Gupta, . R. R. (2019) Does music have any effect on visual reaction time in young males? A comparative study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (10), 1005-1008. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0311222072019



Turabian Style

Nagpal, Muskaan, and Rajshree Rajulkumar Gupta. 2019. Does music have any effect on visual reaction time in young males? A comparative study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (10), 1005-1008. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0311222072019



Chicago Style

Nagpal, Muskaan, and Rajshree Rajulkumar Gupta. "Does music have any effect on visual reaction time in young males? A comparative study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 1005-1008. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0311222072019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nagpal, Muskaan, and Rajshree Rajulkumar Gupta. "Does music have any effect on visual reaction time in young males? A comparative study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.10 (2019), 1005-1008. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0311222072019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nagpal, M. & Gupta, . R. R. (2019) Does music have any effect on visual reaction time in young males? A comparative study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (10), 1005-1008. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0311222072019





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