E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effectiveness of case-based learning, task-based learning, and didactic lectures on teaching personal drug concept among medical undergraduates

Dhanya Sasidharan Palappallil, Hari K N Sankar, Aparna Retnayyan, Sajithkumar Radhakrishnan.

Abstract
Background: P (personal) drug selection is an important competency. The knowledge of how and why a drug is selected for a condition is a gap which can lead to incompetence.

Aims and Objectives: This study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of teaching P-drug concept using case-based learning (CBL), task-based learning (TBL), and didactic lectures (DL) among 4th semester medical undergraduates.

Materials and Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study conducted in the Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Kottayam, for 2 months. After obtaining ethical clearance and informed consent, the participants (n = 145) were divided into three groups – TBL, CBL, and DL and each received 6 sessions on P-drug concept at the end of which a feedback was collected and an examination was conducted. The data were analyzed with SPSS 16 using ANOVA and Kruskal–Wallis test.

Results: The participants of CBL compared to TBL and DL (P < 0.001) agreed that the sessions were interesting, beneficial, and would be a welcome change in curriculum and they would prepare a P list for future use. The TBL participants compared to CBL and DL agreed (P < 0.01) that these sessions imparted skills to select P-drug, gave an idea of the cost of different drugs and different sources of information, and promoted interaction with facilitators. The TBL and DL participants had a greater mean score in post-session assessment compared to those of CBL (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: TBL and CBL are innovative methods, well accepted by the participants. A combination of DL, TBL, and CBL will reduce misconception and confusion, curbing future irrational prescriptions.

Key words: P-drug Concept; Task-based Learning; Case-based Learning; Didactic Lectures


 
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Pubmed Style

Palappallil DS, Sankar HKN, Retnayyan A, Radhakrishnan S. Effectiveness of case-based learning, task-based learning, and didactic lectures on teaching personal drug concept among medical undergraduates. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(5): 438-444. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0308619032019


Web Style

Palappallil DS, Sankar HKN, Retnayyan A, Radhakrishnan S. Effectiveness of case-based learning, task-based learning, and didactic lectures on teaching personal drug concept among medical undergraduates. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=37011 [Access: August 23, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0308619032019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Palappallil DS, Sankar HKN, Retnayyan A, Radhakrishnan S. Effectiveness of case-based learning, task-based learning, and didactic lectures on teaching personal drug concept among medical undergraduates. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(5): 438-444. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0308619032019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Palappallil DS, Sankar HKN, Retnayyan A, Radhakrishnan S. Effectiveness of case-based learning, task-based learning, and didactic lectures on teaching personal drug concept among medical undergraduates. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited August 23, 2019]; 9(5): 438-444. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0308619032019



Harvard Style

Palappallil, D. S., Sankar, . H. K. N., Retnayyan, . A. & Radhakrishnan, . S. (2019) Effectiveness of case-based learning, task-based learning, and didactic lectures on teaching personal drug concept among medical undergraduates. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (5), 438-444. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0308619032019



Turabian Style

Palappallil, Dhanya Sasidharan, Hari K N Sankar, Aparna Retnayyan, and Sajithkumar Radhakrishnan. 2019. Effectiveness of case-based learning, task-based learning, and didactic lectures on teaching personal drug concept among medical undergraduates. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (5), 438-444. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0308619032019



Chicago Style

Palappallil, Dhanya Sasidharan, Hari K N Sankar, Aparna Retnayyan, and Sajithkumar Radhakrishnan. "Effectiveness of case-based learning, task-based learning, and didactic lectures on teaching personal drug concept among medical undergraduates." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 438-444. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0308619032019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Palappallil, Dhanya Sasidharan, Hari K N Sankar, Aparna Retnayyan, and Sajithkumar Radhakrishnan. "Effectiveness of case-based learning, task-based learning, and didactic lectures on teaching personal drug concept among medical undergraduates." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.5 (2019), 438-444. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0308619032019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Palappallil, D. S., Sankar, . H. K. N., Retnayyan, . A. & Radhakrishnan, . S. (2019) Effectiveness of case-based learning, task-based learning, and didactic lectures on teaching personal drug concept among medical undergraduates. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (5), 438-444. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0308619032019





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