E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A cross-sectional study of health-related issues in relation to housing environment in a rural area of Amritsar, Punjab

Manohar Lal Sharma, Mohan Lal, Richa Verma, Harpreet Kaur.

Abstract
Background: The place where a person lives has a deep impact on his/her health status. The World Health Organization has highlighted the need to create healthy housing and neighborhood.

Aims and Objectives: This study was conducted to explore the correlation between home environment and health as very few studies have been conducted in this field.

Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in the rural field practice of Government Medical College. As 10% of the houses were planned to be studied for the physical environment, so every 10th house was visited with a total of 117 houses for assessing the environmental factors and health problems in the households.

Results: While open defecation was in practice in 19.6% of the houses, waste collection points nearby in 68.4% of the houses, and house flies around 82.1% of the houses, cases of diarrhea and typhoid were reported by 5.1% and 3.4% of the houses, respectively. The presence of mosquitoes in 82.1% of the houses and poor drainage system in 12.8% of the houses resulted in malaria and dengue in 5.9% and 1.7% of the houses, respectively. Occurrence of dog bite cases in 7.7% of the houses had been due to presence of stray dogs around 87.1% of the houses.

Conclusion: Poor sanitary conditions near the house contribute to health issues such as diarrhea, typhoid fever, worm infestations, acute respiratory infections, and others.

Key words: Housing; Environment; Sanitary Conditions; Health Issues; Acute Respiratory Infections


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sharma ML, Lal M, Verma R, Kaur H. A cross-sectional study of health-related issues in relation to housing environment in a rural area of Amritsar, Punjab. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(2): 227-231. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12377202001012021


Web Style

Sharma ML, Lal M, Verma R, Kaur H. A cross-sectional study of health-related issues in relation to housing environment in a rural area of Amritsar, Punjab. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=35816 [Access: February 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12377202001012021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sharma ML, Lal M, Verma R, Kaur H. A cross-sectional study of health-related issues in relation to housing environment in a rural area of Amritsar, Punjab. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(2): 227-231. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12377202001012021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sharma ML, Lal M, Verma R, Kaur H. A cross-sectional study of health-related issues in relation to housing environment in a rural area of Amritsar, Punjab. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited February 01, 2021]; 11(2): 227-231. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12377202001012021



Harvard Style

Sharma, M. L., Lal, . M., Verma, . R. & Kaur, . H. (2021) A cross-sectional study of health-related issues in relation to housing environment in a rural area of Amritsar, Punjab. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (2), 227-231. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12377202001012021



Turabian Style

Sharma, Manohar Lal, Mohan Lal, Richa Verma, and Harpreet Kaur. 2021. A cross-sectional study of health-related issues in relation to housing environment in a rural area of Amritsar, Punjab. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (2), 227-231. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12377202001012021



Chicago Style

Sharma, Manohar Lal, Mohan Lal, Richa Verma, and Harpreet Kaur. "A cross-sectional study of health-related issues in relation to housing environment in a rural area of Amritsar, Punjab." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 227-231. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12377202001012021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sharma, Manohar Lal, Mohan Lal, Richa Verma, and Harpreet Kaur. "A cross-sectional study of health-related issues in relation to housing environment in a rural area of Amritsar, Punjab." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.2 (2021), 227-231. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12377202001012021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sharma, M. L., Lal, . M., Verma, . R. & Kaur, . H. (2021) A cross-sectional study of health-related issues in relation to housing environment in a rural area of Amritsar, Punjab. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (2), 227-231. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12377202001012021