E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


“TRAIT” level of perceived anxiety and effect of instrumental background music after induced stress test on “STATE” level of perceived anxiety in students from different ethnic groups - A randomized control trial

Shantala Shripad Herlekar, Savita Hiremath.

Abstract
Background: Stress in medical students is well known, but ethnic variations in general-anxiety levels and effect of instrumental music, in relation to stress test, on anxiety in these ethnicities remain obscure.

Aims and Objectives: The aim is to study “TRAIT” anxiety levels and effect of instrumental music after induced stress on “STATE” anxiety levels in Indian and Malaysian 1st year medical students.

Materials and Methods: A total of 60 Indian and 60 Malaysian 1st year medical students were randomized into music and control group equally. “STATE” and “TRAIT” forms of State Triat Anxiety Inventory were used in pre-test. After 30 min of classical-instrumental background music/control session along with induced stress test, the “STATE” form was repeated as post-test.

Results: TRAIT score of >40 was observed in all medical students which was considered very anxious. Scores were significantly high in Malaysian boy (44.7 ± 11.71) (P < 0.05). Post-test STATE scores showed a rise of +3.2 points in control group and decline in music group by −1.7 (P = 0.007). Highest post-test scores were in Malaysian control group (39.2 ± 10.56). Fall in post-test scores was seen in all three groups except Malaysian control group which showed a significant rise (P < 0.001). Indian control group scored an average of 32.4 ± 8.77 compared to Malaysian control group (39 ± 10.56) in post-test (P = 0.009).

Conclusion: From our study, we can say that all Medical students from different ethnic groups perceive very high anxiety generally. Malaysian students perceive it much higher than Indian students. Classical instrumental background music with slower rhythms helps to reduce anxiety associated while performing a challenging task and can induce relaxed state in medical students irrespective of their ethnicity and preference. This kind of music can be used between lectures to relax students.

Key words: Ethnicity; State Trait Anxiety Inventory; Instrumental Music; 1st year MBBS; State Trait Anxiety Inventory-STATE; State Trait Anxiety Inventory-TRAIT


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Shantala Shripad Herlekar
Articles by Savita Hiremath
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 268
Downloaded: 144
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shantala Shripad Herlekar| Savita Hiremath. “TRAIT” level of perceived anxiety and effect of instrumental background music after induced stress test on “STATE” level of perceived anxiety in students from different ethnic groups - A randomized control trial. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(10): 1400-1404. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0621630062018


Web Style

Shantala Shripad Herlekar| Savita Hiremath. “TRAIT” level of perceived anxiety and effect of instrumental background music after induced stress test on “STATE” level of perceived anxiety in students from different ethnic groups - A randomized control trial. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=302186 [Access: October 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0621630062018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shantala Shripad Herlekar| Savita Hiremath. “TRAIT” level of perceived anxiety and effect of instrumental background music after induced stress test on “STATE” level of perceived anxiety in students from different ethnic groups - A randomized control trial. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(10): 1400-1404. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0621630062018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shantala Shripad Herlekar| Savita Hiremath. “TRAIT” level of perceived anxiety and effect of instrumental background music after induced stress test on “STATE” level of perceived anxiety in students from different ethnic groups - A randomized control trial. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited October 21, 2018]; 8(10): 1400-1404. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0621630062018



Harvard Style

Shantala Shripad Herlekar| Savita Hiremath (2018) “TRAIT” level of perceived anxiety and effect of instrumental background music after induced stress test on “STATE” level of perceived anxiety in students from different ethnic groups - A randomized control trial. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (10), 1400-1404. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0621630062018



Turabian Style

Shantala Shripad Herlekar| Savita Hiremath. 2018. “TRAIT” level of perceived anxiety and effect of instrumental background music after induced stress test on “STATE” level of perceived anxiety in students from different ethnic groups - A randomized control trial. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (10), 1400-1404. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0621630062018



Chicago Style

Shantala Shripad Herlekar| Savita Hiremath. "“TRAIT” level of perceived anxiety and effect of instrumental background music after induced stress test on “STATE” level of perceived anxiety in students from different ethnic groups - A randomized control trial." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 1400-1404. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0621630062018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shantala Shripad Herlekar| Savita Hiremath. "“TRAIT” level of perceived anxiety and effect of instrumental background music after induced stress test on “STATE” level of perceived anxiety in students from different ethnic groups - A randomized control trial." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.10 (2018), 1400-1404. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0621630062018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shantala Shripad Herlekar| Savita Hiremath (2018) “TRAIT” level of perceived anxiety and effect of instrumental background music after induced stress test on “STATE” level of perceived anxiety in students from different ethnic groups - A randomized control trial. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (10), 1400-1404. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0621630062018





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Most Cited Articles
  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effects of sixteen weeks exercise training on left ventricular dimensions and function in young athletes
    Sandip M Hulke, Yuganti P Vaidya, Amandeepkour R Ratta
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 152-158
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.152-158
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]