E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Assessment of ventilatory disorders in artisans exposed to wood dust

Arame Mbengue, Abdou K Sow, Salimata Diagne Houndjo, Mor Diaw, Mame Saloum Coly, Pape Makhtar Fall, Valentin Ouedraogo, Aissatou Seck, Arnaud Jean Florent Tiendrebeogo, Fatoumata Ba, Maimouna Toure, Fatou Bintou Sarr, Abdoulaye Ba, Abdoulaye Samb.

Abstract
Background: Wood dust is produced at virtually all stages of the wood industry. The most important wood-related risks are
chemical hazards with the use of toxic, allergenic, and carcinogenic products which may alter respiratory function. Prevalence rates of ventilatory disorders are heterogeneous and no data are available in Senegal.

Aims and Objectives: The purpose of our study was to evaluate respiratory function in carpenters.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from February to July 2017 in 70 male carpenters exclusively, from the city of Thičs. Each carpenter received a questionnaire and a spirometry test as a way of establishing a baseline state of all the subjects. The spirometry was subjected to the standardized validation procedure according to the American Thoracic Society/ European Respiratory Society criteria.

Results: The average age is 39 years old. Among these carpenters, 14% are active smokers and 17% are former smokers. Seniority ranged from 1 to 48 years. Spirometry revealed a pure obstructive respiratory disorder in 32.85% of cases. The obstruction is classified as mild in 17.14% and moderate in 7.14% of cases. A pure restrictive syndrome is present in 18.57% and a mixed syndrome in 7.14% of cases. Tobacco potentiates the effects of occupational airborne contaminants because smokers have more obstructive syndrome than ex-smokers 50% versus 33.33% (P = 0.02) and more restrictive syndrome than non-smokers 30% versus 14.58% (P = 0.01). Negative correlations between the duration of exposure and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), FEV1/forced vital capacity, and MEF 25–75% had been found.

Conclusion: Exposure to wood dust is implicated in the alteration of various respiratory function parameters.

Key words: Wood Dust; Respiratory Disorder; Spirometry; Ebony Carpenters; Senegal


 
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Pubmed Style

Mbengue A, Sow AK, Houndjo SD, Diaw M, Coly MS, Fall PM, Ouedraogo V, Seck A, Tiendrebeogo AJF, Ba F, Toure M, Sarr FB, Ba A, Samb A. Assessment of ventilatory disorders in artisans exposed to wood dust. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(12): 1641-1646. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0518201102018


Web Style

Mbengue A, Sow AK, Houndjo SD, Diaw M, Coly MS, Fall PM, Ouedraogo V, Seck A, Tiendrebeogo AJF, Ba F, Toure M, Sarr FB, Ba A, Samb A. Assessment of ventilatory disorders in artisans exposed to wood dust. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=299342 [Access: December 13, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0518201102018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mbengue A, Sow AK, Houndjo SD, Diaw M, Coly MS, Fall PM, Ouedraogo V, Seck A, Tiendrebeogo AJF, Ba F, Toure M, Sarr FB, Ba A, Samb A. Assessment of ventilatory disorders in artisans exposed to wood dust. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(12): 1641-1646. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0518201102018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mbengue A, Sow AK, Houndjo SD, Diaw M, Coly MS, Fall PM, Ouedraogo V, Seck A, Tiendrebeogo AJF, Ba F, Toure M, Sarr FB, Ba A, Samb A. Assessment of ventilatory disorders in artisans exposed to wood dust. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited December 13, 2018]; 8(12): 1641-1646. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0518201102018



Harvard Style

Mbengue, A., Sow, . A. K., Houndjo, . S. D., Diaw, . M., Coly, . M. S., Fall, . P. M., Ouedraogo, . V., Seck, . A., Tiendrebeogo, . A. J. F., Ba, . F., Toure, . M., Sarr, . F. B., Ba, . A. & Samb, . A. (2018) Assessment of ventilatory disorders in artisans exposed to wood dust. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (12), 1641-1646. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0518201102018



Turabian Style

Mbengue, Arame, Abdou K Sow, Salimata Diagne Houndjo, Mor Diaw, Mame Saloum Coly, Pape Makhtar Fall, Valentin Ouedraogo, Aissatou Seck, Arnaud Jean Florent Tiendrebeogo, Fatoumata Ba, Maimouna Toure, Fatou Bintou Sarr, Abdoulaye Ba, and Abdoulaye Samb. 2018. Assessment of ventilatory disorders in artisans exposed to wood dust. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (12), 1641-1646. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0518201102018



Chicago Style

Mbengue, Arame, Abdou K Sow, Salimata Diagne Houndjo, Mor Diaw, Mame Saloum Coly, Pape Makhtar Fall, Valentin Ouedraogo, Aissatou Seck, Arnaud Jean Florent Tiendrebeogo, Fatoumata Ba, Maimouna Toure, Fatou Bintou Sarr, Abdoulaye Ba, and Abdoulaye Samb. "Assessment of ventilatory disorders in artisans exposed to wood dust." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 1641-1646. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0518201102018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mbengue, Arame, Abdou K Sow, Salimata Diagne Houndjo, Mor Diaw, Mame Saloum Coly, Pape Makhtar Fall, Valentin Ouedraogo, Aissatou Seck, Arnaud Jean Florent Tiendrebeogo, Fatoumata Ba, Maimouna Toure, Fatou Bintou Sarr, Abdoulaye Ba, and Abdoulaye Samb. "Assessment of ventilatory disorders in artisans exposed to wood dust." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.12 (2018), 1641-1646. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0518201102018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mbengue, A., Sow, . A. K., Houndjo, . S. D., Diaw, . M., Coly, . M. S., Fall, . P. M., Ouedraogo, . V., Seck, . A., Tiendrebeogo, . A. J. F., Ba, . F., Toure, . M., Sarr, . F. B., Ba, . A. & Samb, . A. (2018) Assessment of ventilatory disorders in artisans exposed to wood dust. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (12), 1641-1646. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0518201102018





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