E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Lower body strength as measured by the 30 s chair stand test across varying levels of physical activity in an Indian population

Lydia Abraham, Santhosh Mathangi, Sheena Singh.

Abstract
Background: The 30 s chair stand test (CST) has been used as a measure of lower body fitness in older adults from 60 to 90 years, both healthy and unhealthy. This study aimed at testing the technique in an Indian population from 20 to 59 years and comparing scores in groups of high and low physical activity.

Aims and Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the 30 s CST as a measure of lower body strength in an Indian population by demonstrating differences across varying physical activity levels.

Materials and Methods: A prospective case study was done from June 2017 to December 2018 in the department of physical medicine and rehabilitation in 100 subjects between the ages of 20 and 59 years. For the 30 s CST, individuals are required to stand up from a standard chair to a fully extended standing position as many times as possible with their arms folded across their chest. The number of completed repetitions achieved in 30 s was recorded. Subjects were divided into high and low physical activity groups based on Global Physical Activity Questionnaire and intraclass variations were analyzed.

Results: There were a total of 100 subjects out of which 65% (n = 65) were in the younger age group of 2039 years and 35% (n = 35) were of the older age group of 4059 years. Further, among 100 subjects, there were 52 males and 48 females. The percentage of people who were physically active was higher in males (80.77%) as compared to females (75%). Out of a total of 100 subjects, 78% were found to be physically active and 22% were not. The scores for physically active group were found to be a mean of 21 whereas for the physically inactive group were found to be 23.

Conclusion: On comparing the scores of physically active versus the physically inactive group, scores were lower for physically active participants (mean 21) as compared to physically inactive (mean 23). This is in contradiction to our initial hypothesis that physically active participants would perform better than those who were inactive.

Key words: Chair Stand Test; Strength; Physical Activity; Fitness; Exercise Testing


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Lydia Abraham
Articles by Santhosh Mathangi
Articles by Sheena Singh
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Abraham L, Mathangi S, Singh S. Lower body strength as measured by the 30 s chair stand test across varying levels of physical activity in an Indian population. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(6): 593-599. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12362202026012021


Web Style

Abraham L, Mathangi S, Singh S. Lower body strength as measured by the 30 s chair stand test across varying levels of physical activity in an Indian population. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=29929 [Access: October 03, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12362202026012021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abraham L, Mathangi S, Singh S. Lower body strength as measured by the 30 s chair stand test across varying levels of physical activity in an Indian population. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(6): 593-599. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12362202026012021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abraham L, Mathangi S, Singh S. Lower body strength as measured by the 30 s chair stand test across varying levels of physical activity in an Indian population. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited October 03, 2021]; 11(6): 593-599. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12362202026012021



Harvard Style

Abraham, L., Mathangi, . S. & Singh, . S. (2021) Lower body strength as measured by the 30 s chair stand test across varying levels of physical activity in an Indian population. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (6), 593-599. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12362202026012021



Turabian Style

Abraham, Lydia, Santhosh Mathangi, and Sheena Singh. 2021. Lower body strength as measured by the 30 s chair stand test across varying levels of physical activity in an Indian population. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (6), 593-599. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12362202026012021



Chicago Style

Abraham, Lydia, Santhosh Mathangi, and Sheena Singh. "Lower body strength as measured by the 30 s chair stand test across varying levels of physical activity in an Indian population." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 593-599. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12362202026012021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abraham, Lydia, Santhosh Mathangi, and Sheena Singh. "Lower body strength as measured by the 30 s chair stand test across varying levels of physical activity in an Indian population." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.6 (2021), 593-599. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12362202026012021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abraham, L., Mathangi, . S. & Singh, . S. (2021) Lower body strength as measured by the 30 s chair stand test across varying levels of physical activity in an Indian population. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (6), 593-599. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.12362202026012021