E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Establishing norms for nasal spirometry

Gayatri Devi R, Gowri Sethu.

Abstract
Background: Conventional spirometry in which air flows through the mouth is used to detect obstructive airways disease. If air is made to flow through the nose only, obstructive disorders of nose-nasopharynx region may be detected. In this study, this was carried out by a simple modification at the patient end of the spirometer tube that enabled the patient to breathe out through the nose only or through the nose and mouth.

Aims and Objective: The main aim of the current study is to compare oronasal and nasal spirometry measurements in healthy individuals and establish normal values for nasal spirometry.

Materials and Methods: A total of 600 healthy individuals were divided into three groups based on age: Group 1: 6–15 years, Group 2: 16–35 years, and Group 3: 36–50 years. Each group contained 200 subjects. All subjects underwent two sets of measurements: (1) Oronasal spirometry and (2) nasal spirometry. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1), FEV1/FVC%, Forced expiratory time (FET), peak expiratory flow rate, forced inspiratory flow at 50% of inspired volume during FVC test, forced expiratory flow at 50% of expired volume during FVC test, and peak inspiratory flow rate were evaluated in all groups.

Results: In the age group of 16–35 years, all the parameters are significantly less in nasal spirometry when compared to oronasal spirometry. In the 36–50 years group, the results were similar except for FET which did not differ significantly in females. In the age group of 6–15 years, differences in FET were not significant in both the sexes. In males, FVC, FEV1, and FEV1% were significantly less for nasal spirometry, but in females, there was no significant difference.

Conclusion: Significant differences were observed between many oronasal and nasal parameters. This indicates that there is a difference between airflow through the mouth and airflow only through the nose in healthy individuals. These differences could be exaggerated in persons with obstruction in the nose–nasopharynx region. Since the instrument is a portable one, many exciting possibilities are open to investigation.

Key words: Oronasal Spirometry; Nasal Spirometry; Nasopharynx; Nasal Obstruction


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Gayatri Devi R
Articles by Gowri Sethu
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 589
Downloaded: 263
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Gayatri Devi R, Gowri Sethu. Establishing norms for nasal spirometry. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(8): 1188-1193. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0414226042018


Web Style

Gayatri Devi R, Gowri Sethu. Establishing norms for nasal spirometry. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=296692 [Access: December 11, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0414226042018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Gayatri Devi R, Gowri Sethu. Establishing norms for nasal spirometry. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(8): 1188-1193. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0414226042018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Gayatri Devi R, Gowri Sethu. Establishing norms for nasal spirometry. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited December 11, 2018]; 8(8): 1188-1193. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0414226042018



Harvard Style

Gayatri Devi R, Gowri Sethu (2018) Establishing norms for nasal spirometry. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (8), 1188-1193. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0414226042018



Turabian Style

Gayatri Devi R, Gowri Sethu. 2018. Establishing norms for nasal spirometry. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (8), 1188-1193. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0414226042018



Chicago Style

Gayatri Devi R, Gowri Sethu. "Establishing norms for nasal spirometry." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 1188-1193. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0414226042018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Gayatri Devi R, Gowri Sethu. "Establishing norms for nasal spirometry." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.8 (2018), 1188-1193. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0414226042018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Gayatri Devi R, Gowri Sethu (2018) Establishing norms for nasal spirometry. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (8), 1188-1193. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0414226042018





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Most Cited Articles
  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effects of sixteen weeks exercise training on left ventricular dimensions and function in young athletes
    Sandip M Hulke, Yuganti P Vaidya, Amandeepkour R Ratta
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 152-158
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.152-158
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]