E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Comparative study of body mass index and pulmonary functions between overweight and normal weight women

Nandini Chandrashekar, Pravallika Pagadala, Sharvani Nerella, Ramesh Babu M.

Abstract
Background: Obesity is a condition of abnormal or excessive fat accumulation in adipose tissue, to the extent health may be impaired. It has become one of the leading global public health problems and one of the underlying causes of noncommunicable chronic diseases. It has become one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in both developed and developing countries. Studies have shown that overweight and obesity associated with medical disorders such as hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular, stroke, certain cancers, premature mortality, and respiratory diseases. Since morbid obesity is always associated with various other alterations, especially those of pulmonary origin, it becomes necessary to assess the respiratory functions of obese individuals.

Aims and Objectives: To evaluate and compare the impact of obesity on pulmonary functions of obese and non-obese adult women with no history of respiratory diseases.

Materials and Methods: A total of 70 subjects - 35 in each of the two body mass index (BMI) categories, i.e., obese, and normal weight were subjected to pulmonary function tests.

Results: Among all the pulmonary function parameters, forced expiratory volume 1/forced vital capacity showed a significant difference between obese and normal weight subjects.

Conclusion: The study concludes that increasing BMI has a negative effect on pulmonary functions. Therefore, awareness to maintain normal BMI by lifestyle modifications and interventions might help us in moving forward for eradication of obesity and impairment of pulmonary functions.

Key words: Pulmonary Function Test; Obese; Normal Weight; Body Mass Index


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Nandini Chandrashekar
Articles by Pravallika Pagadala
Articles by Sharvani Nerella
Articles by Ramesh Babu M
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 939
Downloaded: 338
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nandini Chandrashekar, Pravallika Pagadala, Sharvani Nerella, Ramesh Babu M. Comparative study of body mass index and pulmonary functions between overweight and normal weight women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(8): 1124-1127. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0412315042018


Web Style

Nandini Chandrashekar, Pravallika Pagadala, Sharvani Nerella, Ramesh Babu M. Comparative study of body mass index and pulmonary functions between overweight and normal weight women. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=296391 [Access: December 11, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0412315042018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nandini Chandrashekar, Pravallika Pagadala, Sharvani Nerella, Ramesh Babu M. Comparative study of body mass index and pulmonary functions between overweight and normal weight women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(8): 1124-1127. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0412315042018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nandini Chandrashekar, Pravallika Pagadala, Sharvani Nerella, Ramesh Babu M. Comparative study of body mass index and pulmonary functions between overweight and normal weight women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited December 11, 2018]; 8(8): 1124-1127. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0412315042018



Harvard Style

Nandini Chandrashekar, Pravallika Pagadala, Sharvani Nerella, Ramesh Babu M (2018) Comparative study of body mass index and pulmonary functions between overweight and normal weight women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (8), 1124-1127. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0412315042018



Turabian Style

Nandini Chandrashekar, Pravallika Pagadala, Sharvani Nerella, Ramesh Babu M. 2018. Comparative study of body mass index and pulmonary functions between overweight and normal weight women. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (8), 1124-1127. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0412315042018



Chicago Style

Nandini Chandrashekar, Pravallika Pagadala, Sharvani Nerella, Ramesh Babu M. "Comparative study of body mass index and pulmonary functions between overweight and normal weight women." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 1124-1127. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0412315042018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nandini Chandrashekar, Pravallika Pagadala, Sharvani Nerella, Ramesh Babu M. "Comparative study of body mass index and pulmonary functions between overweight and normal weight women." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.8 (2018), 1124-1127. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0412315042018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nandini Chandrashekar, Pravallika Pagadala, Sharvani Nerella, Ramesh Babu M (2018) Comparative study of body mass index and pulmonary functions between overweight and normal weight women. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (8), 1124-1127. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0412315042018





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Most Cited Articles
  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effects of sixteen weeks exercise training on left ventricular dimensions and function in young athletes
    Sandip M Hulke, Yuganti P Vaidya, Amandeepkour R Ratta
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 152-158
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.152-158
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]