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Original Research 


Study of handgrip strength and handgrip endurance in Type 2 diabetics

Tasneem Ansari, Reena Ruprai.

Abstract
Background: Unlike the many systems which are targets for diabetic complications such as the cardiovascular system, eyes, kidney, and nervous system even the musculoskeletal system is a silent target organ for diabetic complications although less valued than the others.

Aims and Objectives: To study of handgrip strength (HGS) and handgrip endurance (HGE) in Type 2 diabetics.

Materials and Methods: A total of 64 Type 2 right-handed male diabetic subjects in the age group of 4155 years, having a duration of diabetes between 5 and 10 years were compared with 64 healthy controls. The subjects were divided into three groups as Group I: 4145 years, II: 4550 years, and III: 5155 years.

Results: The mean values for fasting blood sugar, post-meal blood sugar, and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) % were significantly higher in all the three groups of diabetics than the controls. HGS was significantly decreased in all groups of diabetics while HGE was also significantly decreased in Group I and III of diabetics as compared to controls. Group I (−0.19) and Group III (−0.27) showed very weak negative correlation between HbA1c % and HGS while Group II (0.04) showed almost none. Furthermore, very weak negative correlation between HbA1c % and HGE was found for Group II (−0.16) and III (−0.16) while it was very weakly positive for Group I (0.084).

Conclusion: This study clearly suggests that all patients with diabetes should be screened for musculoskeletal manifestations regularly as early rehabilitative methods may reduce the disease burden in this population.

Key words: Type 2 Diabetes; Handgrip Strength; Handgrip Endurance


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ansari T, Ruprai R. Study of handgrip strength and handgrip endurance in Type 2 diabetics. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(7): 1001-1004. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0205728022018


Web Style

Ansari T, Ruprai R. Study of handgrip strength and handgrip endurance in Type 2 diabetics. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=290627 [Access: September 26, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0205728022018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ansari T, Ruprai R. Study of handgrip strength and handgrip endurance in Type 2 diabetics. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(7): 1001-1004. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0205728022018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ansari T, Ruprai R. Study of handgrip strength and handgrip endurance in Type 2 diabetics. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited September 26, 2018]; 8(7): 1001-1004. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0205728022018



Harvard Style

Ansari, T. & Ruprai, R. (2018) Study of handgrip strength and handgrip endurance in Type 2 diabetics. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (7), 1001-1004. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0205728022018



Turabian Style

Ansari, Tasneem, and Reena Ruprai. 2018. Study of handgrip strength and handgrip endurance in Type 2 diabetics. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (7), 1001-1004. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0205728022018



Chicago Style

Ansari, Tasneem, and Reena Ruprai. "Study of handgrip strength and handgrip endurance in Type 2 diabetics." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 1001-1004. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0205728022018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ansari, Tasneem, and Reena Ruprai. "Study of handgrip strength and handgrip endurance in Type 2 diabetics." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.7 (2018), 1001-1004. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0205728022018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ansari, T. & Ruprai, R. (2018) Study of handgrip strength and handgrip endurance in Type 2 diabetics. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (7), 1001-1004. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0205728022018





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