E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time

Pradeep Reddy Srikaram, Ambareesha K, Kasthuri Bai P.

Abstract
Background: In India, there is at least one death for every 4 min due to road traffic accidents (RTA’s) (1.37, 423 deaths in a year), of which 77.5% are due to fault of drivers. Many vehicles are equipped with high volume speakers and Bluetooth hands-free devices. Furthermore, pedestrians and two-wheeler drivers use headset or Bluetooth connected to phones or MP3 players. These may decrease visual, mechanical, and cognitive abilities. India’s contribution to global RTA’s is around 10%, despite very few studies were done in this regard (World Health Organization, 2004).

Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to find the independent relation between listening to loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time (VRT).

Materials and Methods: A total of 40 healthy, male subjects within the age group of 20–25 years are recruited in the study. VRT is estimated using Gary-Darby RT software, version-V4.03. Subjects are tested without any distractions and then while engaging in active telephonic conversation using hands-free device and finally are tested while listening to their favorite music at high volume.

Results: Statistical analysis was performed by student t-test and P Ë‚ 0.05 is considered as statistically significant. Mean average VRT and mean longest VRT without distractions are 0.32 ± 0.08 and 0.41 ± 0.13, with active telephonic conversation are 0.70 ± 0.23 and 1.10 ± 0.44, and with loud music are 0.34 ± 0.06 and 0.44 ± 0.09, respectively.

Conclusion: Active telephonic conversation is significantly affecting VRT and hence driving ability. The effect of loud music on VRT is not significant; more research is required in this regard to other thought process such as choice RT, emotion, and judgment.

Key words: Visual Reaction Time; Active Telephonic Conversation; Music; Bluetooth Hands Free


 
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Pubmed Style

Srikaram PR, K A, P KB. Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(6): 790-795. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018


Web Style

Srikaram PR, K A, P KB. Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=286748 [Access: August 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Srikaram PR, K A, P KB. Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(6): 790-795. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Srikaram PR, K A, P KB. Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited August 22, 2018]; 8(6): 790-795. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018



Harvard Style

Srikaram, P. R., K, A. & P, K. B. (2018) Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (6), 790-795. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018



Turabian Style

Srikaram, Pradeep Reddy, Ambareesha K, and Kasthuri Bai P. 2018. Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (6), 790-795. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018



Chicago Style

Srikaram, Pradeep Reddy, Ambareesha K, and Kasthuri Bai P. "Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 790-795. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Srikaram, Pradeep Reddy, Ambareesha K, and Kasthuri Bai P. "Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.6 (2018), 790-795. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Srikaram, P. R., K, A. & P, K. B. (2018) Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (6), 790-795. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018





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