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Original Research Open Access


Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time

Pradeep Reddy Srikaram, Ambareesha K, Kasthuri Bai P.

Abstract
Background: In India, there is at least one death for every 4 min due to road traffic accidents (RTA’s) (1.37, 423 deaths in a year), of which 77.5% are due to fault of drivers. Many vehicles are equipped with high volume speakers and Bluetooth hands-free devices. Furthermore, pedestrians and two-wheeler drivers use headset or Bluetooth connected to phones or MP3 players. These may decrease visual, mechanical, and cognitive abilities. India’s contribution to global RTA’s is around 10%, despite very few studies were done in this regard (World Health Organization, 2004).

Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to find the independent relation between listening to loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time (VRT).

Materials and Methods: A total of 40 healthy, male subjects within the age group of 20–25 years are recruited in the study. VRT is estimated using Gary-Darby RT software, version-V4.03. Subjects are tested without any distractions and then while engaging in active telephonic conversation using hands-free device and finally are tested while listening to their favorite music at high volume.

Results: Statistical analysis was performed by student t-test and P Ë‚ 0.05 is considered as statistically significant. Mean average VRT and mean longest VRT without distractions are 0.32 ± 0.08 and 0.41 ± 0.13, with active telephonic conversation are 0.70 ± 0.23 and 1.10 ± 0.44, and with loud music are 0.34 ± 0.06 and 0.44 ± 0.09, respectively.

Conclusion: Active telephonic conversation is significantly affecting VRT and hence driving ability. The effect of loud music on VRT is not significant; more research is required in this regard to other thought process such as choice RT, emotion, and judgment.

Key words: Visual Reaction Time; Active Telephonic Conversation; Music; Bluetooth Hands Free


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Srikaram PR, K A, P KB. Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018


Web Style

Srikaram PR, K A, P KB. Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=286748 [Access: February 23, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Srikaram PR, K A, P KB. Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Srikaram PR, K A, P KB. Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018



Harvard Style

Srikaram, P. R., K, A. & P, K. B. (2018) Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018



Turabian Style

Srikaram, Pradeep Reddy, Ambareesha K, and Kasthuri Bai P. 2018. Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018



Chicago Style

Srikaram, Pradeep Reddy, Ambareesha K, and Kasthuri Bai P. "Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time." doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Srikaram, Pradeep Reddy, Ambareesha K, and Kasthuri Bai P. "Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time." doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Srikaram, P. R., K, A. & P, K. B. (2018) Effect of loud music and active telephonic conversation on simple visual reaction time. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1249516012018



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