E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Self-medication practices among 2nd year medical students in a rural medical college of Telangana state

Shivaraj Basavaraj Patil, Bhaskar Hebbani Nagaiah, Srinivas R Raikar, Venkata Rao.

Abstract
Background: Self-medication is a part of self-care, hence responsible use of drugs by physician is vital to prevent their acute and chronic adverse effects. People take medicines with their previous experiences and old prescriptions. People also take drugs on suggestion of pharmacist, friends and relatives during mild illness and emergencies.

Aim and Objectives: To study the prevalence, knowledge, perception, and reasons in practice of self-medication among undergraduate medical students in rural medical college of Telangana state.

Materials and Methods: Study was conducted among 2nd year medical students of Kamineni Institute of Medical Sciences, Narketpally, Nalgonda, Telangana by using questionnaire.

Results: 129 students participated in study of which 96% of medical students use drugs for self-medications. Allopathic drugs (86%) are commonly using drugs. Students use drugs for fever (74%), cold and cough (68%), headache (50%), and pain (41%). Frequently using drugs are antipyretics (62%), and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (48%), cough suppressants (43%) and antibiotics (34%). The sources of drug information are old-prescription (53%) and pharmacists (30.6%). Reasons for self-medication are mild nature of illness (79%) and urgency.

Conclusions: Self-medication is common practice in medical male and female students. They commonly use allopathic medicines like paracetamol and other NSAIDs for fever and sore throat. They use self-medication during mild diseases and also urgency. Frequently use old prescription and pharmacist’s assistance as sources of drug information.

Key words: Self-medication; Medical Students; Over the Counter Drugs; Medical Conditions; Drug Information


 
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Pubmed Style

Patil SB, Nagaiah BH, Raikar SR, Rao V. Self-medication practices among 2nd year medical students in a rural medical college of Telangana state. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(4): 501-506. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.7.1040815112017


Web Style

Patil SB, Nagaiah BH, Raikar SR, Rao V. Self-medication practices among 2nd year medical students in a rural medical college of Telangana state. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=280536 [Access: September 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.7.1040815112017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Patil SB, Nagaiah BH, Raikar SR, Rao V. Self-medication practices among 2nd year medical students in a rural medical college of Telangana state. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(4): 501-506. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.7.1040815112017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Patil SB, Nagaiah BH, Raikar SR, Rao V. Self-medication practices among 2nd year medical students in a rural medical college of Telangana state. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited September 21, 2018]; 8(4): 501-506. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.7.1040815112017



Harvard Style

Patil, S. B., Nagaiah, B. H., Raikar, S. R. & Rao, V. (2018) Self-medication practices among 2nd year medical students in a rural medical college of Telangana state. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (4), 501-506. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.7.1040815112017



Turabian Style

Patil, Shivaraj Basavaraj, Bhaskar Hebbani Nagaiah, Srinivas R Raikar, and Venkata Rao. 2018. Self-medication practices among 2nd year medical students in a rural medical college of Telangana state. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (4), 501-506. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.7.1040815112017



Chicago Style

Patil, Shivaraj Basavaraj, Bhaskar Hebbani Nagaiah, Srinivas R Raikar, and Venkata Rao. "Self-medication practices among 2nd year medical students in a rural medical college of Telangana state." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 501-506. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.7.1040815112017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Patil, Shivaraj Basavaraj, Bhaskar Hebbani Nagaiah, Srinivas R Raikar, and Venkata Rao. "Self-medication practices among 2nd year medical students in a rural medical college of Telangana state." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.4 (2018), 501-506. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.7.1040815112017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Patil, S. B., Nagaiah, B. H., Raikar, S. R. & Rao, V. (2018) Self-medication practices among 2nd year medical students in a rural medical college of Telangana state. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (4), 501-506. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.7.1040815112017





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