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Original Research Open Access


Assessment of cognitive function in patients with alcohol dependence: A cross-sectional study

Dalip Sharma, Anita Padam, Yuvraj Gharu, Dinesh Sharma, Sudhir Sharma.

Abstract
Background: This study aimed to evaluate cognition in patients with alcohol dependence. During the past decade, there has been an increasing interest in the evaluation of cognitive function in substance use disorders. Substance use includes the use of licit substance such as alcohol, tobacco, and diversion of drugs as well as illicit substances. Alcohol in beverage form is among the most widely used psychoactive drugs in the world, and it has dependence-producing properties. Ethanol in alcohol is a chemical and after consumption has a multitude of effects.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the cognitive functions in patients with alcohol dependence as compared to the normal controls using Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA).

Materials and Methods: This study included 44 patients with alcohol dependence diagnosed as per international classification of disease tenth edition criteria with a mean age of 43.61 7.38. Cognition was tested using a sensitive battery of psychometric testing MMSE and MoCA.

Results: Compared with healthy controls (n = 44), patients had lower total scores of cognitive testing MMSE (P = 0.010) and MoCA (P = 0.000).

Conclusion: Our results indicted cognitive impairment in patients with alcohol dependence. This is important to determine prognosis and managing patients.

Key words: Substance Use; Cognition; Alcohol Dependence


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sharma D, Padam A, Gharu Y, Sharma D, Sharma S. Assessment of cognitive function in patients with alcohol dependence: A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0935121092017


Web Style

Sharma D, Padam A, Gharu Y, Sharma D, Sharma S. Assessment of cognitive function in patients with alcohol dependence: A cross-sectional study. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=277546 [Access: January 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0935121092017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sharma D, Padam A, Gharu Y, Sharma D, Sharma S. Assessment of cognitive function in patients with alcohol dependence: A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0935121092017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sharma D, Padam A, Gharu Y, Sharma D, Sharma S. Assessment of cognitive function in patients with alcohol dependence: A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0935121092017



Harvard Style

Sharma, D., Padam, A., Gharu, Y., Sharma, D. & Sharma, S. (2018) Assessment of cognitive function in patients with alcohol dependence: A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0935121092017



Turabian Style

Sharma, Dalip, Anita Padam, Yuvraj Gharu, Dinesh Sharma, and Sudhir Sharma. 2018. Assessment of cognitive function in patients with alcohol dependence: A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0935121092017



Chicago Style

Sharma, Dalip, Anita Padam, Yuvraj Gharu, Dinesh Sharma, and Sudhir Sharma. "Assessment of cognitive function in patients with alcohol dependence: A cross-sectional study." doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0935121092017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sharma, Dalip, Anita Padam, Yuvraj Gharu, Dinesh Sharma, and Sudhir Sharma. "Assessment of cognitive function in patients with alcohol dependence: A cross-sectional study." doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0935121092017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sharma, D., Padam, A., Gharu, Y., Sharma, D. & Sharma, S. (2018) Assessment of cognitive function in patients with alcohol dependence: A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0935121092017



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