E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Anemia as a comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - A hospital-based study in East Sikkim

Rubi Dey, Bidita Khandelwal, Jha D K.

Abstract
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic airway obstruction due to chronic inflammation. This entity is one of the major causes of premature mortality and morbidity in adults. Anemia is known to be a comorbidity in COPD as in many other chronic diseases.

Aims and Objectives: The present study is a retrospective hospital-based study aimed to determine the prevalence of anemia in the study population of the state of East Sikkim.

Materials and Methods: In this hospital-based retrospective study, 533 clinically diagnosed COPD patients were studied from the teaching hospital under Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Gangtok, Sikkim. 207 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were analyzed. Anemia was defined as per the WHO criteria as hemoglobin (Hb) <13 g% in males and <12 g% in females and hematocrit (Hct) <39 in males and <36% in females. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 23.0.

Results: The mean age of COPD patients in this study was 68.17 years in males and 67.41 years in females. Of the 207 patients studied, 54 (26.1%) male had Hb <13 g% and 71 (34.3%) female had Hb <12 g%. The Hct level <39% was found in 53 males (25.6%) and <36% found in 71 (34.2%) females.

Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia in males was 26.1%, and in females, it was 34.3% based on the Hb levels, and based on Hct values, it was 25.6% in males and 34.2% in females. Anemia was more prevalent in older age groups in both males and females.

Key words: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Anemia; Hemoglobin; Hematocrit


 
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Pubmed Style

Dey R, Khandelwal B, K JD. Anemia as a comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - A hospital-based study in East Sikkim. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(3): 328-331. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0936129092017


Web Style

Dey R, Khandelwal B, K JD. Anemia as a comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - A hospital-based study in East Sikkim. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=276269 [Access: July 16, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0936129092017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dey R, Khandelwal B, K JD. Anemia as a comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - A hospital-based study in East Sikkim. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(3): 328-331. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0936129092017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dey R, Khandelwal B, K JD. Anemia as a comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - A hospital-based study in East Sikkim. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited July 16, 2018]; 8(3): 328-331. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0936129092017



Harvard Style

Dey, R., Khandelwal, B. & K, J. D. (2018) Anemia as a comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - A hospital-based study in East Sikkim. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (3), 328-331. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0936129092017



Turabian Style

Dey, Rubi, Bidita Khandelwal, and Jha D K. 2018. Anemia as a comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - A hospital-based study in East Sikkim. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (3), 328-331. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0936129092017



Chicago Style

Dey, Rubi, Bidita Khandelwal, and Jha D K. "Anemia as a comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - A hospital-based study in East Sikkim." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 328-331. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0936129092017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dey, Rubi, Bidita Khandelwal, and Jha D K. "Anemia as a comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - A hospital-based study in East Sikkim." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.3 (2018), 328-331. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0936129092017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dey, R., Khandelwal, B. & K, J. D. (2018) Anemia as a comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - A hospital-based study in East Sikkim. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (3), 328-331. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0936129092017





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