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Short Communication Open Access


Effect of cold pressed coconut oil on cognition and behavior among patients with Alzheimer’s disease - A pilot intervention study

Sook Ching Chan, Gunaseli E Esther, Hung Loong Yip, Sandheep Sugathan, Pui See Chin.

Abstract
Background: Alzheimer’s disease (AD)’s pharmacotherapy is limited, with anecdotal reports claiming some usefulness of cold pressed coconut oil.

Aims and Objectives: To study the effect of cold pressed coconut oil on cognition and behavior of AD patients who are treatment naďve or stabilized on cholinesterase inhibitors or memantine for at least 3 months with a mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score of 10-24.

Materials and Methods: An investigator initiated pilot randomized controlled trial studied the effect of cold pressed coconut oil on cognition and behavior of AD patients. Minimum sample size was calculated assuming an increase of 30% in MMSE scores in the experimental group with 95% confidence interval and 80% power to be 20 at each experimental and control groups. Efficacy was measured using MMSE, clock drawing test (CDT), neuropsychiatric inventory questionnaire at baseline, 3 and 6 months, with safety profile monitored by electrocardiogram, and laboratory investigations at baseline and at 6 months.

Results: 40 individuals out of 99 screened were enrolled, with no significant differences in cognitive level between the intervention and control group at baseline. At 6 months, the control group showed significant (P = 0.035) improvement in CDT. Diarrhea, the most common adverse event caused high dropout in intervention group.

Conclusion: Cold pressed coconut oil did not improve cognition or behavior in AD patients.

Key words: Alzheimer’s Disease; Cognition; Behavior; Coconut Oil; Cold Compressed


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Chan SC, Esther GE, Yip HL, Sugathan S, Chin PS. Effect of cold pressed coconut oil on cognition and behavior among patients with Alzheimer’s disease - A pilot intervention study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(12): 1432-1435. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.0829311082017


Web Style

Chan SC, Esther GE, Yip HL, Sugathan S, Chin PS. Effect of cold pressed coconut oil on cognition and behavior among patients with Alzheimer’s disease - A pilot intervention study. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=274100 [Access: December 18, 2017]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.0829311082017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Chan SC, Esther GE, Yip HL, Sugathan S, Chin PS. Effect of cold pressed coconut oil on cognition and behavior among patients with Alzheimer’s disease - A pilot intervention study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(12): 1432-1435. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.0829311082017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Chan SC, Esther GE, Yip HL, Sugathan S, Chin PS. Effect of cold pressed coconut oil on cognition and behavior among patients with Alzheimer’s disease - A pilot intervention study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited December 18, 2017]; 7(12): 1432-1435. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.0829311082017



Harvard Style

Chan, S. C., Esther, G. E., Yip, H. L., Sugathan, S. & Chin, P. S. (2017) Effect of cold pressed coconut oil on cognition and behavior among patients with Alzheimer’s disease - A pilot intervention study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (12), 1432-1435. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.0829311082017



Turabian Style

Chan, Sook Ching, Gunaseli E Esther, Hung Loong Yip, Sandheep Sugathan, and Pui See Chin. 2017. Effect of cold pressed coconut oil on cognition and behavior among patients with Alzheimer’s disease - A pilot intervention study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (12), 1432-1435. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.0829311082017



Chicago Style

Chan, Sook Ching, Gunaseli E Esther, Hung Loong Yip, Sandheep Sugathan, and Pui See Chin. "Effect of cold pressed coconut oil on cognition and behavior among patients with Alzheimer’s disease - A pilot intervention study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 1432-1435. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.0829311082017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Chan, Sook Ching, Gunaseli E Esther, Hung Loong Yip, Sandheep Sugathan, and Pui See Chin. "Effect of cold pressed coconut oil on cognition and behavior among patients with Alzheimer’s disease - A pilot intervention study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.12 (2017), 1432-1435. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.0829311082017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Chan, S. C., Esther, G. E., Yip, H. L., Sugathan, S. & Chin, P. S. (2017) Effect of cold pressed coconut oil on cognition and behavior among patients with Alzheimer’s disease - A pilot intervention study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (12), 1432-1435. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.0829311082017



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