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Original Research Open Access


Medical and social risk factors for cardiovascular disease among elderly and old people

Nurdilla Tuzelbayev, Gulsum Abdurahmanovna Duchshanova, Gulnara Abdymazhitovna Mustapayeva, Zhanar Akbarovna Yermakhanova.

Abstract
Background: Ageing is a natural biological process, manifested in a gradual decrease in the adaptive capacity of the organism. The causes of social alienation among elderly people have a multifactorial nature. Stroke is a very dangerous disease since it disrupts the work of the most important organ - the brain. The problem of stroke prevention has been particularly relevant in the past decade.

Aims and Objectives: The research was conducted to study the state of medical and social risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease among elderly and old individuals.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among 2481 individuals over employable age. Of this number, in 84 patients with ischemic stroke individual risk factors were studied. Their health was characterized by a high incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and severe disability. The main types of pathology among elderly and old people are CVD.

Results: The main factor leading to the development of stroke, especially recurrent, is arterial hypertension in combination with ischemic heart disease, heart failure, cardiosclerosis, and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.

Conclusions: Recurrent stroke is characterized by increasing cognitive dysfunction against the background of worsening mental and motor disorders of the heterogeneous nature, which defines a high degree of disability due to stroke.

Key words: Risk Factors; Cardiovascular Disease; Elderly and Old People; Medical and Social Indicators; Ischemic Stroke


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Tuzelbayev N, Duchshanova GA, Mustapayeva GA, Yermakhanova ZA. Medical and social risk factors for cardiovascular disease among elderly and old people. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(12): 1377-1384. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0620911092017


Web Style

Tuzelbayev N, Duchshanova GA, Mustapayeva GA, Yermakhanova ZA. Medical and social risk factors for cardiovascular disease among elderly and old people. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=269736 [Access: December 18, 2017]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0620911092017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tuzelbayev N, Duchshanova GA, Mustapayeva GA, Yermakhanova ZA. Medical and social risk factors for cardiovascular disease among elderly and old people. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(12): 1377-1384. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0620911092017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tuzelbayev N, Duchshanova GA, Mustapayeva GA, Yermakhanova ZA. Medical and social risk factors for cardiovascular disease among elderly and old people. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited December 18, 2017]; 7(12): 1377-1384. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0620911092017



Harvard Style

Tuzelbayev, N., Duchshanova, G. A., Mustapayeva, G. A. & Yermakhanova, Z. A. (2017) Medical and social risk factors for cardiovascular disease among elderly and old people. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (12), 1377-1384. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0620911092017



Turabian Style

Tuzelbayev, Nurdilla, Gulsum Abdurahmanovna Duchshanova, Gulnara Abdymazhitovna Mustapayeva, and Zhanar Akbarovna Yermakhanova. 2017. Medical and social risk factors for cardiovascular disease among elderly and old people. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (12), 1377-1384. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0620911092017



Chicago Style

Tuzelbayev, Nurdilla, Gulsum Abdurahmanovna Duchshanova, Gulnara Abdymazhitovna Mustapayeva, and Zhanar Akbarovna Yermakhanova. "Medical and social risk factors for cardiovascular disease among elderly and old people." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 1377-1384. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0620911092017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tuzelbayev, Nurdilla, Gulsum Abdurahmanovna Duchshanova, Gulnara Abdymazhitovna Mustapayeva, and Zhanar Akbarovna Yermakhanova. "Medical and social risk factors for cardiovascular disease among elderly and old people." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.12 (2017), 1377-1384. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0620911092017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tuzelbayev, N., Duchshanova, G. A., Mustapayeva, G. A. & Yermakhanova, Z. A. (2017) Medical and social risk factors for cardiovascular disease among elderly and old people. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (12), 1377-1384. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0620911092017



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