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A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka

Rashmi Narayanrao Gitte, Raju Taklikar.

Abstract
Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus belongs to a group of diseases labeled as “lifestyle diseases” and is on the rise in Asians, especially Indians. It is estimated that by 2030, the number of people with diabetes will increase to more than 366 million.

Aims and Objectives: This study was conducted to assess risk for Type 2 diabetes mellitus among study participants using waist circumference (WC) and waist-hip ratio (WHR). This study will also find out impact of WC and WHR as risk factor in recently diagnosed Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

Materials and Methods: The clinical study includes subject population from and nearby areas of Raichur, Karnataka. A total of 150 patients who were diagnosed for first as Type 2 diabetes were included in this study. A total of 150 normal patients from the same area were chosen for comparison of data.

Results: The mean WC for diabetics is 102.44 cm and for non-diabetics 96.60 cm. The mean hip circumference for diabetics is 107.15 cm and for non-diabetics 102.15 cm. The mean WHR for diabetics is 0.9527 and for non-diabetics 0.9368. We conclude that 36% population of North Karnataka region in of developing Type 2 diabetes mellitus using WC and WHR as indicator.

Conclusion: WC provides unique indicator of body fat distribution, which can identify patients at the risk of diabetes mellitus. WHR more than 0.9 found in 98 (65.33%) freshly diagnosed diabetics and 69 (46%) non-diabetics.

Key words: Hip Circumference; Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; Waist Circumference; Waist-hip Ratio


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Gitte RN, Taklikar R. A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(12): 1300-1303. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017


Web Style

Gitte RN, Taklikar R. A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=269497 [Access: December 18, 2017]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Gitte RN, Taklikar R. A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(12): 1300-1303. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Gitte RN, Taklikar R. A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited December 18, 2017]; 7(12): 1300-1303. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017



Harvard Style

Gitte, R. N. & Taklikar, R. (2017) A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (12), 1300-1303. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017



Turabian Style

Gitte, Rashmi Narayanrao, and Raju Taklikar. 2017. A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (12), 1300-1303. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017



Chicago Style

Gitte, Rashmi Narayanrao, and Raju Taklikar. "A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 1300-1303. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Gitte, Rashmi Narayanrao, and Raju Taklikar. "A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.12 (2017), 1300-1303. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Gitte, R. N. & Taklikar, R. (2017) A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (12), 1300-1303. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017



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