E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka

Rashmi Narayanrao Gitte, Raju Taklikar.

Abstract
Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus belongs to a group of diseases labeled as “lifestyle diseases” and is on the rise in Asians, especially Indians. It is estimated that by 2030, the number of people with diabetes will increase to more than 366 million.

Aims and Objectives: This study was conducted to assess risk for Type 2 diabetes mellitus among study participants using waist circumference (WC) and waist-hip ratio (WHR). This study will also find out impact of WC and WHR as risk factor in recently diagnosed Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

Materials and Methods: The clinical study includes subject population from and nearby areas of Raichur, Karnataka. A total of 150 patients who were diagnosed for first as Type 2 diabetes were included in this study. A total of 150 normal patients from the same area were chosen for comparison of data.

Results: The mean WC for diabetics is 102.44 cm and for non-diabetics 96.60 cm. The mean hip circumference for diabetics is 107.15 cm and for non-diabetics 102.15 cm. The mean WHR for diabetics is 0.9527 and for non-diabetics 0.9368. We conclude that 36% population of North Karnataka region in of developing Type 2 diabetes mellitus using WC and WHR as indicator.

Conclusion: WC provides unique indicator of body fat distribution, which can identify patients at the risk of diabetes mellitus. WHR more than 0.9 found in 98 (65.33%) freshly diagnosed diabetics and 69 (46%) non-diabetics.

Key words: Hip Circumference; Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; Waist Circumference; Waist-hip Ratio


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Rashmi Narayanrao Gitte
Articles by Raju Taklikar
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1228
Downloaded: 382
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rashmi Narayanrao Gitte, Raju Taklikar. A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(12): 1300-1303. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017


Web Style

Rashmi Narayanrao Gitte, Raju Taklikar. A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=269497 [Access: December 12, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rashmi Narayanrao Gitte, Raju Taklikar. A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(12): 1300-1303. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rashmi Narayanrao Gitte, Raju Taklikar. A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited December 12, 2018]; 7(12): 1300-1303. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017



Harvard Style

Rashmi Narayanrao Gitte, Raju Taklikar (2017) A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (12), 1300-1303. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017



Turabian Style

Rashmi Narayanrao Gitte, Raju Taklikar. 2017. A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (12), 1300-1303. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017



Chicago Style

Rashmi Narayanrao Gitte, Raju Taklikar. "A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 1300-1303. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rashmi Narayanrao Gitte, Raju Taklikar. "A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.12 (2017), 1300-1303. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rashmi Narayanrao Gitte, Raju Taklikar (2017) A study of waist circumference, hip-waist ratio as markers of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in male population of North Karnataka. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (12), 1300-1303. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0622050062017





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Most Cited Articles
  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effects of sixteen weeks exercise training on left ventricular dimensions and function in young athletes
    Sandip M Hulke, Yuganti P Vaidya, Amandeepkour R Ratta
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 152-158
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.152-158
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]