E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Implementation of supplemental E-learning models for blended learning in pharmacology

Raakhi K Tripathi, Dnyaneshwar G Kurle, Sharmila V Jalgaonkar, Pankaj V Sarkate, Nirmala N Rege.

Abstract
Background: Pharmacology, an ever-expanding volatile subject, requires continuous reinforcement and self-learning. Lectures supplemented with E-learning activity like solving multiple choice questions (MCQs) online may help students to self-learn.

Aims and Objectives: The project was designed to develop E-learning models (ELMs) and to evaluate perceptions of the students toward those.

Materials and Methods: Three ELMs comprising 40 MCQs each were prepared for three different pharmacology topics and delivered to II MBBS students (n = 180) using web-based facility in three different ways: (1) Presupplemental model: First supervised pretest was conducted followed by online post-test on unexposed topic (i.e., before the lecture), (2) postsupplemental model: Lecture, followed by supervised pretest then followed by online post-test and (3) Replacement model: Supervised pretest on an unexposed topic followed by uploading of presentation on the topic for self-study followed by online post-test. The scores of the supervised test and online post-test were compared and feedback was collected from all students.

Results: Out of 40, the average marks ± SD for supervised pretests were 6.5 ± 2.3, 11.2 ± 3.1, and 4.5 ± 1.5, whereas the online post-test scores, viz: 32.6 ± 4.8, 33.3 ± 6.7, and 34.7 ± 3.2 in model 1, 2, and 3, respectively (P < 0.0001). Students felt that E-learning activity improved understanding (57%), motivated self-learning (70%), and played supplementary role (73%).

Conclusion: Students perceived that supplementation of lectures with E-learning activity in the form of online tests appeared beneficial and opined that it should be continued.

Key words: Blended Learning; E-learning; Supplemental Models, Medical Education; Multiple Choice Questions


 
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Pubmed Style

Tripathi RK, Kurle DG, Jalgaonkar SV, Sarkate PV, Rege NN. Implementation of supplemental E-learning models for blended learning in pharmacology. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(10): 1084-1090. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0514527052017


Web Style

Tripathi RK, Kurle DG, Jalgaonkar SV, Sarkate PV, Rege NN. Implementation of supplemental E-learning models for blended learning in pharmacology. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=265538 [Access: June 20, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0514527052017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tripathi RK, Kurle DG, Jalgaonkar SV, Sarkate PV, Rege NN. Implementation of supplemental E-learning models for blended learning in pharmacology. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(10): 1084-1090. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0514527052017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tripathi RK, Kurle DG, Jalgaonkar SV, Sarkate PV, Rege NN. Implementation of supplemental E-learning models for blended learning in pharmacology. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited June 20, 2018]; 7(10): 1084-1090. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0514527052017



Harvard Style

Tripathi, R. K., Kurle, D. G., Jalgaonkar, S. V., Sarkate, P. V. & Rege, N. N. (2017) Implementation of supplemental E-learning models for blended learning in pharmacology. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (10), 1084-1090. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0514527052017



Turabian Style

Tripathi, Raakhi K, Dnyaneshwar G Kurle, Sharmila V Jalgaonkar, Pankaj V Sarkate, and Nirmala N Rege. 2017. Implementation of supplemental E-learning models for blended learning in pharmacology. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (10), 1084-1090. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0514527052017



Chicago Style

Tripathi, Raakhi K, Dnyaneshwar G Kurle, Sharmila V Jalgaonkar, Pankaj V Sarkate, and Nirmala N Rege. "Implementation of supplemental E-learning models for blended learning in pharmacology." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 1084-1090. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0514527052017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tripathi, Raakhi K, Dnyaneshwar G Kurle, Sharmila V Jalgaonkar, Pankaj V Sarkate, and Nirmala N Rege. "Implementation of supplemental E-learning models for blended learning in pharmacology." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.10 (2017), 1084-1090. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0514527052017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tripathi, R. K., Kurle, D. G., Jalgaonkar, S. V., Sarkate, P. V. & Rege, N. N. (2017) Implementation of supplemental E-learning models for blended learning in pharmacology. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (10), 1084-1090. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0514527052017





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