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Comparison of fat percentage with muscle strength/endurance and blood pressure response in young adults

Bindiya S, Damodara Gowda K M, Ashwini K, Roshima P M.

Abstract
Background: Obesity and hypertension comprise an important worldwide epidemic that has been linked to the metabolic syndrome. Leading a sedentary lifestyle can promote weight gain, increase body fat; a loss of lean muscle mass could eventually lead to obesity.

Aims and Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the correlation between fat percentage with muscle strength/endurance and blood pressure response in young adults.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted after the approval from Institutional Ethical Committee. 40 subjects having general obesity among staff and student community, between the age group of 18 and 40 years of either sex was recruited for the study. The fat percentage was measured based on the Deurenberg’s equation body mass index (BMI) was measured using the formula, BMI = weight (kg)/height (m2). The muscular strength/endurance was assessed by hand grip exercise using hand dynamometer.

Results: The result showed that there was a significant difference between the fat percentage in male and female obese subjects (P = 0.004), but the difference was insignificant with respect to BMI (P = 0.398). The result also showed a significant correlation between hand grip performance at different interval of time and fat percentage in both right hand (P < 0.05) and left hand (P < 0.005). The association between BMI and fat percentage was found to be significant (r = 0.349, P = 0.027).

Conclusion: This study concluded that the association between BMI and fat percentage was found to be significant, whereas the correlation between fat percentage and blood pressure response was insignificant.

Key words: Obesity; Hypertension; Fat Percentage; Muscle Strength/Endurance; Blood Pressure Response


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

S B, M DGK, K A, M RP. Comparison of fat percentage with muscle strength/endurance and blood pressure response in young adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(10): 1070-1073. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413916052017


Web Style

S B, M DGK, K A, M RP. Comparison of fat percentage with muscle strength/endurance and blood pressure response in young adults. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=265235 [Access: December 18, 2017]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413916052017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

S B, M DGK, K A, M RP. Comparison of fat percentage with muscle strength/endurance and blood pressure response in young adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(10): 1070-1073. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413916052017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

S B, M DGK, K A, M RP. Comparison of fat percentage with muscle strength/endurance and blood pressure response in young adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited December 18, 2017]; 7(10): 1070-1073. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413916052017



Harvard Style

S, B., M, D. G. K., K, A. & M, R. P. (2017) Comparison of fat percentage with muscle strength/endurance and blood pressure response in young adults. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (10), 1070-1073. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413916052017



Turabian Style

S, Bindiya, Damodara Gowda K M, Ashwini K, and Roshima P M. 2017. Comparison of fat percentage with muscle strength/endurance and blood pressure response in young adults. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (10), 1070-1073. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413916052017



Chicago Style

S, Bindiya, Damodara Gowda K M, Ashwini K, and Roshima P M. "Comparison of fat percentage with muscle strength/endurance and blood pressure response in young adults." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 1070-1073. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413916052017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

S, Bindiya, Damodara Gowda K M, Ashwini K, and Roshima P M. "Comparison of fat percentage with muscle strength/endurance and blood pressure response in young adults." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.10 (2017), 1070-1073. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413916052017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

S, B., M, D. G. K., K, A. & M, R. P. (2017) Comparison of fat percentage with muscle strength/endurance and blood pressure response in young adults. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (10), 1070-1073. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413916052017



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